The Thymus and Lymphomyeloid System in Poikilothermic Vertebrates

  • Edwin L. Cooper
Part of the Contemporary Topics in Immunobiology book series (CTI, volume 2)


The present account is concerned with the organization and function of the immune system, particularly the thymus, in ectothermic or poikilothermic vertebrates-fishes, amphibians, and reptiles. The place of these three classes in the general context of the vertebrate phylum is summarized in Figs. 1–4, which also show the location, in each group, of the thymus and other lymphomyeloid organs.


Allograft Rejection Leopard Frog Larval Life Colloidal Carbon Thymic Lymphocyte 
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© Plenum Press, New York 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edwin L. Cooper
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy School of MedicineUniversity of California (Los Angeles)Los AngelesUSA

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