The Biology of Alcoholism

pp 219-291

Behavioral Studies of Alcoholism

  • Nancy K. MelloAffiliated withSection on Comparative Neurobehavior National Center for the Prevention and Control of Alcoholism, National Institute of Mental Health

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Before 1965 there was relatively little experimental attention paid to the problem of alcoholism. However, within the past 5 years there has been a dramatic increase in the number of alcoholism-related studies in many disciplines. The recent admission of alcoholism into the scientifically sanctioned circle of diseases reflects a number of interacting factors, including the increased attention of the federal government, to what has been estimated to be the third most serious health problem in this country (Nelson, 1967). The studies described in this review represent a beginning in the task of trying to formulate an adequate conceptual and empirical framework within which to study the diverse phenomena of alcohol addiction.