Diarrhea and Nutrient Requirements
The high prevalence rates, particularly among young children in most developing countries, make the influence of diarrhea on nutritional requirements of major concern. The multiple mechanisms whereby diarrhea of infectious origin can affect dietary requirements for calories and protein are listed in Table I. Estimation of the consequences for nutritional requirements is complicated by large quantitative and qualitative variations in the disease burden among different population and age groups. The effects depend on the type of diarrhea as well as on its frequency, severity, and duration. Moreover, available quantitative data are extremely limited. Those available under each of the categories indicated are examined separately in the text that follows.
KeywordsDiarrheal Disease Decrease Food Intake Acute Diarrhea Tropical Sprue Secretory Diarrhea
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