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Diarrhea and Nutrient Requirements

  • Nevin S. Scrimshaw
  • Oscar Brunser
  • Gerald Keusch
  • Ayesha Molla
  • Imran Ozalp
  • Benjamin Torún

Abstract

The high prevalence rates, particularly among young children in most developing countries, make the influence of diarrhea on nutritional requirements of major concern. The multiple mechanisms whereby diarrhea of infectious origin can affect dietary requirements for calories and protein are listed in Table I. Estimation of the consequences for nutritional requirements is complicated by large quantitative and qualitative variations in the disease burden among different population and age groups. The effects depend on the type of diarrhea as well as on its frequency, severity, and duration. Moreover, available quantitative data are extremely limited. Those available under each of the categories indicated are examined separately in the text that follows.

Keywords

Diarrheal Disease Decrease Food Intake Acute Diarrhea Tropical Sprue Secretory Diarrhea 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The United Nations University 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nevin S. Scrimshaw
    • 1
  • Oscar Brunser
    • 2
  • Gerald Keusch
    • 3
  • Ayesha Molla
    • 4
  • Imran Ozalp
    • 5
  • Benjamin Torún
    • 6
  1. 1.The United Nations University World Hunger ProgrammeMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Laboratorio de Investigaciones PediatricasSantiagoChile
  3. 3.Division of Geographic MedicineTufts University School of MedicineBostonUSA
  4. 4.International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease ResearchDaccaBangladesh
  5. 5.Faculty of Medicine, Department of BiochemistryHacettepe UniversityHacettepe, AnkaraTurkey
  6. 6.Division of Physiology and Clinical NutritionInstitute of Nutrition of Central America and PanamaGuatemala CityGuatemala

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