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Diarrhea and Nutrient Requirements

  • Elizabeth D. Moyer
  • Michael C. Powanda

Abstract

Any discussion of protein and energy requirements arising from the occurrence of diarrhea is complicated by a number of factors, not the least of which is an incomplete understanding of these requirements in healthy individuals.1–8 Protein and energy requirements vary considerably as a function of age, sex, size of frame, rate of growth, activity, and genetic makeup.8 The variation in requirements is likely to increase considerably when the effects of disease, injury, and/or prior malnutrition become factors in the equation.9–12 Thus, it may not be possible, based on available knowledge, to establish absolutely the protein and energy requirements occasioned by diarrhea. However, it may still be feasible to develop operational guidelines for assessing the relative nitrogen and energy depletion in various forms of diarrhea as well as for judging the success of nutrient repletion.

Keywords

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Anorexia Nervosa Lean Body Mass Short Bowel Syndrome Diarrheal Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The United Nations University 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth D. Moyer
    • 1
  • Michael C. Powanda
    • 2
  1. 1.Research DivisionCutter LaboratoriesBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Department of the ArmyLetterman Army Institute of ResearchPresidio of San FranciscoUSA

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