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Physiologic and Situational Determinants of Drinking Behavior

  • A. M. Ludwig
  • R. B. Cain
  • A. Wikler
  • R. M. Taylor
  • F. Bendfeldt
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 85B)

Abstract

Sober alcoholics are presumed to be more susceptible to relapse during states of emotional dysphoria. A prior study investigating situations most conducive to craving for alcohol reveals that 93% of alcoholics claim to experience craving when depressed, 90% when nervous, 88% when worried, 78% when feeling bad, 77% when under stress and 72% after failure: in contrast, only 35% of alcoholics claim craving when successful, 30% when happy, 23% when feeling good and 18% when relaxed (Ludwig and Stark, 1974). Toker, et al., 1973, similarly report that alcoholics, in comparison to normal controls, are most likely to go to the bar, drink, smoke and take pills whenever they feel helpless, depressed, angry and anxious. While these findings are hardly surprising, it is necessary to point out that such claims by alcoholics have never been tested adequately under laboratory conditions.

Keywords

Binge Drinker Drinking Behavior Alcohol Withdrawal Alpha Activity Label Condition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Ludwig, A.M. and Stark, L.H. Alcohol Craving: Subjective and situational aspects, Q.J.S.A., 35: 899–905, 1974.Google Scholar
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    Tokar, J.T., et al. Emotional states and behavioral patterns in alcoholics and non-alcoholics, Q.J.S.A., 34: 133–143, 1973.Google Scholar
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    Ludwig, A.M. and Stark, L.H. “Arousal” and Alcoholism: Psychophysiological responses to alcohol, in M.M. Gross (ed.), Alcohol Intoxication and Withdrawal, Plenum Publ. Corp., N.Y., 1975.Google Scholar
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    Ludwig, A.M. and Wikler, A. Craving and relapse to drink, Q.J.S.A., 35: 108–130, 1974.Google Scholar
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    Ludwig, A.M., Bendfeldt, F., Wikler, A. and Cain, R.B. Loss of control in alcoholics, presented at the 129th Annual Meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, May 10–14, 1976, Miami, Fla.Google Scholar
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    Buchsbaum, J. and Pfefferbaum, D. Individual differences in stimulus intensity response, Psychophysiol., 8: 600–611, 1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Ludwig
    • 1
  • R. B. Cain
    • 1
  • A. Wikler
    • 1
  • R. M. Taylor
    • 1
  • F. Bendfeldt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, College of MedicineUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

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