Drinking Practices and Cognitive Functioning
The relationships between drinking practices and cognitive functioning were examined in a non-patient sample. Neither the amount of alcohol consumed over a lifetime nor current frequency of drinking occasions was significantly (ps >.05) correlated with cognitive test scores. However, the quantity of alcohol consumed per drinking occasion was inversely related to performance on tests of abstraction, adaptive abilities and concept formation. The results suggest that social drinking may have deleterious effects on cognitive processes.
KeywordsCurrent Frequency Alcoholic Patient Social Drinker Adaptive Ability Cognitive Test Score
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Cabalan, D., Cissin, I., and Crossley, H. M. American Drinking Practices: A National Study of Drinking Behavior and Attitudes. Monogr. 6, New Brunswick, Rutgers Center of Alcohol Studies, 1969.Google Scholar
- Goodwin, D. W., and Hill, S. Y. Chronic effects of alcohol and other psychoactive drugs on intellect, learning and memory. In J. Rankin (Ed.) Effects of Chronic Use of Alcohol and Psychoactive Drugs on Cerebral Function, pp. 55–69, Toronto, Addiction Research Foundation, 1975.Google Scholar
- Halstead, W. C. Brain and Intelligence: A Quantitative Study of the Frontal Lobes, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1947.Google Scholar
- Kleinknecht, R. A., and Goldstein, S. G. Neuropsychological deficits associated with alcoholism: A review and discussion. Quart. J. Stud. Alcohol, 33:999–1019, 1972.Google Scholar
- Moskowitz, H., and DePry, D. Differential effect of alcohol on auditory vigilance and divided-attention tasks. Quart. J. Stud. Alcohol, 29: 54–63, 1968.Google Scholar
- Page, R. D., and Linden, J. D. “Reversible” organic brain syndrome in alcoholics: A psychometric evaluation. Quart. J. Stud. Alcohol, 35:98–107, 1974.Google Scholar
- Parker, E. S., Birnbaum, I. M., and Noble, E. P. Alcohol and memory: Storage and state dependency. J. Verb. Learn. Verb. Behav., 1976 (in press).Google Scholar
- Ryback, R. S. The continuum and specificity of the effects of alcohol on memory: A review. Quart. J. Stud. Alcohol, 32: 995–1016, 1971.Google Scholar
- Shipley, W. C., and Burlingame, C. C. A convenient self-administering scale for measuring intellectual impairment in psychotics. Amer. J. Psychiatry, 97:1313–1317, 1941.Google Scholar
- Smith, J. W., and Layden, T. A. Changes in psychological performance and blood chemistry in alcoholics during and after hospital treatment. Quart. J. Stud. Alcohol, 33:379–394, 1972.Google Scholar
- Tarter, R. E. Psychological deficit in chronic alcoholics: A review. Int. J. Addictions, 10:327–368, 1975.Google Scholar
- Tarter, R. E., and Jones, B. M. Absence of intellectual deterioration in chronic alcoholics. J. Clin. Psychol., 27:453–455, 1971.Google Scholar