Recent Advances in Grinding

  • P. Guenther Werner
Part of the Sagamore Army Materials Research Conference Proceedings book series (SAMC, volume 25)


Two decades ago grinding was almost totally applied as a finishing process working at very low removal rates and correspondingly low productivity. At those times grinding was used mainly because other methods could not provide the required geometrical accuracy or could not cut hardened materials at all. In the recent years, however, the situation has changed substantially. Still used as the dominant finishing process, grinding has been developed such that increased removal rates at constant or increased accuracy became possible. Also high-efficiency grinding of difficult-to-machine materials like stainless steels, tool and high speed steels, titanium and nickel-cobalt-base alloys, is performed today at a larger scale.


Boron Nitride Cubic Boron Nitride Wheel Speed Cubic Boron Nitride Wheel Creep Feed 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Merchant, M. E., Delphi-Type Forecast of the Future of Production Engineering, CIRP-Reports, Vol. 20/1, 1971.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Peklenik, J., Determination of Geometric and Physical Parameters for Basic Research in Grinding (German), Dissertation, Techn. University Aachen, 1957.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Werner, G., Kinematics and Mechanics of the Grinding Process (German), Dissertation, Techn. University of Aachen, 1971.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Werner, G., Koenig, W., Adaptive Control Optimization of High Efficiency External Grinding — Concept, Technological Basics and Application, CIRP Annals, Vol. 23/1, 1974.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Decneut, A., Basic Description of the Grinding Conditions (Flemish), Dissertation, University Leuven, 1974.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Werner, G., Influences of Work Material on Grinding Forces, CIRP Annals, Vol. 27/1, 1978.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Werner, G., Concept and Technological Fundamentals of Adaptive Control Optimization in External Grinding (German), Habilitation, Techn. University Aachen, 1973.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Saljé, E., New Results on the Time-Dependency of Grinding (German), Technische Mitteilungen, No. 7/8, 1976.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Werner, G., Relation Between Grinding Work and Wheel Wear in Plunge Grinding, SME-Technical Paper, MR 75–610, 1975.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Weinert, K., Time-Dependent Alteration of Wheel Periphery in External Grinding (German), Dissertation, University Braunschweig, 1976.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bierlich, R., Technological Prerequisites for Adaptive Control Systems in Plunge Grinding (German), Dissertation, Technical University Aachen, 1976.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Maikin, S., Anderson, R. B., Thermal Aspects of Grinding, Transactions of ASME, Nov. 1974.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Maikin, S., The Attritious Wear and Fracture Wear of Grinding Wheels, Dissertation, Mass. Institute of Technology, 1968.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sauer, W. J., Thermal Aspects of Grinding, Dissertation, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, 1971.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Snoeys, R., Maris, M., Peters, J., Thermally Induced Damage in Grinding, CIRP Annals, Vol. 27/2, 1978.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fruehling, R., Topography of Wheel Periphery and Surface Roughness in Plunge Grinding (German), Dissertation, Techn. University Braunschweig, 1976.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Werner, G., Functional Description of Work Surface Roughness in Grinding (unpublished), Research Project, Mass. Institute of Technology 1978.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Suh, N. P., Bell, A. C., Gossard, D. C., On an Axiomatic Approach to Manufacturing and Manufacturing Systems, Transactions of ASME, 1978.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Werner, G., Applications and Technological Fundamentals of Creep Feed Surface Grinding, Unpublished Investigation, Mass. Institute of Technology, 1978.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bogusch, E., Leichter, J., High Speed Grinding up to Wheel Speeds of 120 m/s (German), Jahrbuch der Schleiftechnik, No. 47, Vulkan-Verlag, Essen, 1977.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Meyer, H. R., Dressing with Diamond Roller Dressers (German), Werkstattstechnik, No. 65, 1975.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lauer-Schmaltz, H., Practical Experiences with a New Automatic Wheel Balancing Device (German), Jahrbuch der Schleiftechnik, No. 48, Vulkan-Verlag, Essen, 1978.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Mohr, H., Numerical Controlled Flat and Cylindrical Profile Grinding, (unpublished seminar presentation), ELB-Grinders Corporation, Mountainside, N.J., 1977.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Koenig, W., and others, Staying Competitive by Using Technological Reserves (German), Presentation at 16th Machine Tool Colloquium, Techn. University Aachen, 1978.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Saljé, E., Grinding Processes Considered as Feed Back Systems, CIRP Annals, Vol. 27/1, 1978.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Piepenbrink, R., Programmable Control for Internal Grinding, Jahrbuch der Schleiftechnik, No. 48, Vulkan-Verlag, Essen, 1978.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Scherf, E., Mushardt, H., Roughness Sensor for Optimizing of Grinding (German), Jahrbuch der Schleiftechnik, No. 48, Vulkan-Verlag, Essen, 1978.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Sata, T., and others, In-Process Measurement of Grinding, Preceedings of the International Grinding Conference, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, 1972.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Volk, J. F., Chase, R. P., Adaptive Controls, Machinery, December 1972.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Werner, G., Advanced Concepts of Wear-Cost-Related Optimization in External Plunge Grinding, SME-Technical Paper, MF 76–156, 1976.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Buettner, A., Grinding of Rigid-Hard Materials with Diamond Cup Wheels with Special Regard to Creep Feed Operations (German), Dissertation, Techn. University Hanover, 1968.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Lindsay, P., Navarro, P., Principles of Grinding with Borazon CBN Wheels, Machinery, May/June 1973.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Mishnaevski, L., Use of Cubic Boron Nitride Wheels in Gear Grinding, Machines and Tools, USSR, Vol. XLIV, No. 2.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Meyer, H. R., Economic Application of CBN and Diamond Wheels for Cylindrical Plunge and Profile Grinding (German), Technische Mitteilungen, No. 6/7, 1976.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Kaiser, M., Pendulum and Creep Feed Grinding of Sintered Carbide with Diamond Wheels (German), Dissertation, Techn. University Hanover, 1975.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Pung, R. C., Centerless Grinding with Borazon CBN - A Status Report, Seminar of Industrial Diamond Association of Japan, Tokyo, 1978.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Toenshoff, H. K., Juergenhake, B., Superhard Abrasives and Matching Bonds for Internal Grinding, CIRP Annals, Vol. 27/1, 78.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Jakobs, U., State of Art in Grinding with Cubic Boron Nitride Wheels (German), Jahrbuch der Schleiftechnik, Vulkan-Verlag, Essen, No. 48, 1978.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Juergenhake, B., Cost-Advantages in Internal Grinding Using Vitrified CBN Wheels (German), ZWF — Zeitschrift fuer wirtschaftliche Fertigung, No. 10, 1978.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Renard, P. A., Smith, L. I., An Innovative Bond System Extends the Utility of CBN Abrasives, Industrial Diamond Review, May 78.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Siqui, R. H., Cohen, H. M., Resin-Bonded Abrasive Tools with Metal Fillers, United States Patent No. 3779727, Dec. 1973.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Notter, A. T., Bailey, M. M. Trueing and Dressing Diamond and CBN Grinding Wheels, Industrial Diamond Review, May 1977.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Sawluk, W., New Technique for Dressing of Diamond and CBN Peripheral Grinding Wheels (German), Technische Mitteilungen, No. 6, 1974.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Meyer, H. R., Profile Dressing of Diamond and Cubic Boron Nitride Grinding Wheels (German), Jahrbuch der Schleiftechnik, Vulkan-Verlag, Essen, No. 48, 1978.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Hartl, H., Internal Grinding with Borazon CBN Wheels (German), Seminar Presentation, Tyrolit Schleifmittelwerke KG, Schwaz, Austria, 1977.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Skinner, F. R., Compax Blanks — A Positive Approach to Dressing, Seminar of Industrial Diamond Assoc. of Japan, Tokyo, 1978.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Nowak, E., Development of Clamping Systems for Vitrified Grinding Wheels (German), Dissertation, Techn. University Braunschweig, 1975.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Decneut, A., Non-Destructive Hardness Testing of Abrasive Tools (German), Jahrbuch der Schleiftechnik, Vulkan-Verlag, Essen, No. 46, 1976.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Hellwig, W., Roller Grinding Machines with Increased Removal Rates (German), Jahrbuch der Schleiftechnik, Vulkan-Verlag, Essen, No. 48, 1978.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Moore, K., Putting the Brakes on Speed, American Metal Market — Metalworking News Edition, Grinding and Finishing Section, March 13, 1978.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Geuhring, K., On New Prospects in High Speed Grinding (German), Jahrbuch der Schleiftechnik, Vulkan-Verlag, Essen, No. 46, 1976.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Stauffer, R. N., Breakthrough in End Mill Grinding, Manufacturing Engineering, July 1978.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Wick, C. H., The Advent of Creep Feed Grinding, Manufacturing Engineering and Management, June 1975.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Druminski, R., Thread Grinding with Cubic Boron Nitride Wheels (German), Industrie-Anzeiger 99, No. 4, 1977.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Devries, R. C., Cubic Boron Nitride — Handbook of Properties, General Electric Company, Corporate Research and Development, Technical Information Series, Report No. 72 CRD 178, June 1972.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Koenig, W., Dedrichs, M., Surface Grinding with High Wheel Speeds and Metal Removal Rates, MTDR Conference, Birmingham, Sept. 1972.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Vetter, U., Brill, J., Grinding of Non-Circular External Parts (German), Jahrbuch der Schleiftechnik, Vulkan-Verlag, Essen, No. 48, 1978.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Lang, E., Herzig, H., Development of Prototype and Machines for Creep Feed Surface Grinding, ELB-GRINDERS Corporation, Mountainside, N.J., 1958–1978.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Herzig, H., Unpublished Report on Investigation of Speed Stroke Grinder, ELB-Schliff, Babenhausen, W. Germany, 1978.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Lemmens, J. W., Decneut, A., Private Information and Courtesy, J. W. Lemmens — Electronica N. V., Leuven, Belgium, 1978.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Guenther Werner
    • 1
  1. 1.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations