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Vasopressin pp 497-516 | Cite as

Metabolic Processing of Vasopressin in the Brain and Significance of Metabolites

  • J. Peter H. Burbach

Abstract

The production of biologically active peptides requires precursors to be cleaved by proteolytic enzymes. Vasopressin (VP) is a product generated by proteolytic processing of a large precursor, the VP-neurophysin precursor or propressophysin (Russel et al, 1980; Richter, 1983; Chapter 4, this volume). Propressophysin is encoded by a single gene in bovine, rat, and man (Land et al., 1982; Schmale et al., 1983; Ruppert et al., 1984; Sausville et al., 1985). In the brain, this gene is expressed by several groups of magno- and parvocellular neurons (Buijs, 1978; Buijs et al., 1983; Sofroniew and Weindl, 1978; Van Leeuwen and Caffe, 1983; see also Chapter 2, this volume). These neurons package and process the precursor and transport the products, i.e., VP, neurophysin, and a glycopeptide, termed C-terminal of propressophysin (CPP), along fiber systems to their terminals in order to release them for biological action. These fiber systems terminate either in the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland and median eminence or in limbic mid-brain and brain stem structures within the central nervous system (Buijs, 1978; Sofroniew, 1980; Zimmermann et al, 1984).

Keywords

Active Peptide Synaptic Membrane Brain Membrane Aminopeptidase Activity Neurohypophyseal Hormone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Peter H. Burbach
    • 1
  1. 1.Rudolf Magnus Institute for PharmacologyUniversity of UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands

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