Time-Resolved Fluorescence Spectroscopy

  • J. N. Dodd
  • G. W. Series
Part of the Physics of Atoms and Molecules book series (PAMO)

Abstract

We may learn about the force fields that drive dynamical systems by studying their evolution in time from nonequilibrium configurations. What is to be discussed in this article is the kind of information that can be obtained about atoms from measurements of time variations with micro- or nanosecond resolution of the intensity of fluorescent light from an ensemble. All the atoms whose fluorescence is to be observed must have been prepared in the same way at the same time, to within the desired time resolution of the experiment.

Keywords

Fluorescent Light Hyperfine Structure Superposition State Lamb Shift Coherent Superposition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    G. Breit, Rev. Mod. Phys. 5, 91 (1933).ADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. P. Barrat and C. Cohen-Tannoudji,J. Phys. Radium 22, 329, 443 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Thesis, University of Paris (1962).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. V. Durrant,J. Phys. B 5, 133 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Corney and G. W. Series, Proc. Phys. Soc. London 83, 213 (1964).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Corney,J. Phys. B. 1, 458 (1968).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. Skalinski, A. Kopystynska, and K. Ernst, Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci. 13, 851 (1965).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Broyer, J.-C. Lehmann, and J. Vigué,J. Phys. (Paris) 36, 235 (1975).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Corney, B. P. Kibble, and G. W. Series, Proc. R. Soc. London A 293, 70 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. V. Durrant and B. Landheer,J. Phys. B 4, 1200 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. Q. Hackett and G. W. Series, Opt. Commun. 2, 93 (1970).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    W. W. Chow, M. O. Scully, and J. O. Stoner, Phys. Rev. A 11, 1380 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. L. Cojan, Ann. Phys. (Paris) 9, 385 (1954).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. F. H. Schuurmans, J. Phys. (Paris) 37, 469 (1976);CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 14a.
    M. F. H. Schuurmans, Z. Phys. A279, 243 (1976).ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 15.
    G. W. Series, Proc. Phys. Soc. London 91, 432 (1967).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 16.
    W. Hanle and G. Stanzel,Z. Naturforsch. 25a, 309 (1970).ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 17.
    G. Stanzel,Z. Phys. A270, 361 (1974).Google Scholar
  19. 18.
    W. Siegmund and A. Scharmann,Z. Phys. A276, 19 (1976).ADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 19.
    J. M. Hansen and H. W. Webb, Phys. Rev. 72, 332 (1947).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 20.
    R. van Traubenberg and S. Levy,Z. Phys. 44, 549 (1927).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 21.
    K..L. Hertel, Phys. Rev. 29, 848 (1927).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 22.
    I. Walerstein, Phys. Rev. 33, 800 (1929).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 23.
    W. Hanle,Z. Phys. 30, 93 (1924).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 24.
    W. Hanle, Ergeh. Exakt Wiss. 4, 214 (1925).Google Scholar
  26. 25.
    S. Haroche, High Resolution Laser Spectroscopy (Ed. K. Shimoda), pp. 253–313. Springer, Berlin (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 26.
    E. B. Aleksandrov, Opt. Spektrosk. 17, 957 (1964) [English transl. 18, 522 (1964)].Google Scholar
  28. 27.
    J. N. Dodd, R. D. Kaul, and D. M. Warrington, Proc. Phys. Soc. London 84, 176 (1964).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 28.
    J. N. Dodd, W. J. Sandle, and D. Zissermann, Proc. Phys. Soc. London 92, 497 (1967).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 29.
    T. Hadeishi and W. A. Nierenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 891 (1965).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 30.
    S. A. Bagaev, V. B. Smirnov, and M. P. Chaika, Opt. Spektrosk. 41, 166 (1976) [English transl. Opt. Spectrosc. 41, 98 (1976)].Google Scholar
  32. 31.
    S. Heron, R. W. P. McWhirter, and E. H. Rhoderick, Proc. R. Soc. London A 234, 565 (1956).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 32.
    G. C. King and A. Adams,J. Phys. B 7, 1712 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 33.
    G. C. King, A. Adams, and D. Cvejanovic,J. Phys. B 8, 356 (1975).ADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 34.
    D. A. Shaw, A. Adams, and G. C. King,J. Phys. B 8, 2456 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 35.
    R. Luypaert, Thesis, University of Reading (1976).Google Scholar
  37. 35a.
    See also R. Luypaert and J. Van Craen, J. Phys. B 10, 3627 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 36.
    J. S. Deech, R. Luypaert, and G. W. Series,J. Phys. B 8, 1406 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 37.
    G. G. Carrington and A. Corney,J. Phys. B 4, 849 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 38.
    M. I. D’yakonov and V. I. Perel’, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 47, 1483 (1964). [English transl. Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 997 (1965)].Google Scholar
  41. 39.
    M. I. D’yakonov and V. I. PereL’, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 48, 345 (1965) [English transi. Soviet Phys. JETP 21, 227 (1965)].Google Scholar
  42. 40.
    A. Omont, J. Phys. (Paris) 26, 26 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 41.
    W. Happer and B. S. Mathur, Phys. Rev. 163, 12 (1967).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 42.
    C. G. Carrington, D. N. Stacey, and J. Cooper,J. Phys. B 6, 417 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 43.
    A. C. G. Mitchell and N. W. Zemansky, Resonance radiation and excited atoms, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1934).MATHGoogle Scholar
  46. 44.
    H. I. Gunn and W. J. Sandle,J. Phys. B 4, L1 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 45.
    J. S. Deech and W. E. Baylis, Can. J. Phys. 49, 90 (1971).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 46.
    L. R. Pendrill,J. Phys. B 10, L469 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 47.
    G. W. Series, Phys. Rev. 136, A684 (1964).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 48.
    S. Bashkin, W. S. Bickel, D. Fink, and R. K. Wangsness, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 284 (1965).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 49.
    I. A. Sellin, P. M. Griffin, and J. A. Biggerstaff, Phys. Rev. A 1, 1553 (1970) (and earlier papers referenced there).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 50.
    H. J. Andrä, Phys. Scr. 9, 257 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 51.
    A. van Wijngaarden, E. Goh, G. W. F. Drake, and P. S. Farago,J. Phys. B 9, 2017 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 52.
    H. G. Dehmelt, Phys. Rev. 105, 1487 (1957).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 53.
    J. N. Dodd, W. J. Sandle, and O. M. Williams, J. Phys. B 3, 256 (1970).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 54.
    J. A. Piper and W. J. Sandle, J. Phys. B 3, 1357 (1970).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 55.
    J. A. Piper and W. J. Sandle,J. Phys. B 5, 377 (1972).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 56.
    W. J. Sandle, M. C. Standage, and D. M. Warrington,J. Phys. B 8, 1203 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 57.
    B. Cagnac and J. Brossel, C.R. Acad. Sci. 249, 253 (1959).Google Scholar
  60. 58.
    H. M. Gibbs and C. W. White, Phys. Rev. 188, 180 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 59.
    E. Jacobson, J. Phys. B. 8, 869 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 60.
    S. Schenk, R. C. Hilborn, and H. Metcalf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 189 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 61.
    H. Figger and H. Walther, Z. Phys. 267, 1 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 62.
    J. S. Deech, P. Hannaford, and G. W. Series,J. Phys. B 7, 1131 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 63.
    S. R. Lundeen and F. M. Pipkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 1368 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. N. Dodd
    • 1
  • G. W. Series
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of OtagoNew Zealand
  2. 2.J. J. Thomson Physical LaboratoryUniversity of ReadingReadingUK

Personalised recommendations