Space-for-Time Substitution as an Alternative to Long-Term Studies

  • Steward T. A. Pickett


This chapter analyzes the benefits and shortcomings of inferring a temporal trend from a study of different aged sites. This technique, called space-for-time substitution, assumes that spatial and temporal variation are equivalent. Although this assumption has been challenged, studies continue to rely on space-for-time substitution due to necessity or convenience.


Operational Environment Disturbance Regime Natural Disturbance Acid Precipitation Priority Effect 
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