Malignant Melanoma

Current Status of the Search for Melanoma-Specific Antigens
  • Alan N. Houghton
  • Herbert F. Oettgen
  • Lloyd J. Old
Part of the Comprehensive Immunology book series (COMIMUN, volume 7)


Malignant melanoma has a reputation as one of the most capricious and aggressive human cancers. The incidence and mortality have been rising in developed countries at a rate exceeding that of all other cancers except lung cancer (Lee and Carter, 1970). At present, in the United States, 10,000 individuals develop cutaneous malignant melanoma each year, an incidence slightly higher than that of Hodgkin’s disease (Levin and Baranovsky, 1976). Despite its reputation, the overall survival from melanoma is better than that from most common solid tumors, with approximately 70% of patients surviving at 5 years. When metastases are not evident, i.e., stage I melanoma, 85% of patients survive 5 years or more with treatment. However, once melanoma has metastasized, more than two-thirds of patients will die from their disease. These advanced stages of disease have been particularly resistant to conventional treatments; therapy of metastatic melanoma remains at this time generally unsatisfactory.


Melanoma Cell Melanoma Cell Line Cell Surface Antigen Melanoma Antigen Melanoma Vaccine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan N. Houghton
    • 1
  • Herbert F. Oettgen
    • 1
  • Lloyd J. Old
    • 1
  1. 1.Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA

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