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Abstract

Alginate was first discovered by E.C.C. Stanford in 1881, while searching for useful products from kelp. He developed the process of alkali extraction of a viscous material, ‘algin’, from the algae and later precipitated it using mineral acid (Stanford, 1883, (Stanford, 1884). Algin was isolated 15 years later by Krefting (Krefting, 1896). In 1929, the commercial production of algin was initiated by the Kelco Co. in California. The extracted material was first used as a boiler compound and for can-sealing purposes. In 1934, the use of alginate for foods (as an ice-cream stabilizer) became important. In 1944, propylene glycol alginate (PGA) was developed and produced commercially. Later, alginate-production plants were established in the USA, Europe and Japan (McNeely, 1959).

Keywords

Sodium Alginate Calcium Alginate Brown Seaweed Alginate Solution British Patent 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Nussinovitch
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and NutritionThe Hebrew University of JerusalemRehovotIsrael

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