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Rehabilitation of Pacific Salmon in Their Ecosystems: What Can Artificial Propagation Contribute?

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Abstract

Artificial propagation is only one of a number of tools whose application might assist rehabilitation of depleted Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) populations in their ecosystems. The motivation for and implementation of hatchery programs have evolved as world-views of nature-human relations have changed, understanding of salmonid ecosystems has evolved, the diversity of stakeholders involved in salmon issues has increased, and adverse human impacts on aquatic ecosystems have accumulated. Building on lessons from past uses, this paper outlines changes needed to integrate future applications of artificial propagation into comprehensive, ecosystem-focused adaptive management. Changes cover all steps in the adaptive management cycle including setting goals and objectives, problem identification, actions, and evaluation. Hatchery programs should be compatible with management goals of retaining or rehabilitating all levels of biodiversity found in Pacific salmon ecosystems and the natural regenerative capacity of these ecosystems. Consistent with these goals, two guiding principles are as follows: (1) use hatcheries only as part of a comprehensive rehabilitation strategy, with rigorous adherence to adaptive management and (2) ensure that all hatchery programs maintain genetic diversity between and within salmon populations and avoid disruption of all other levels of biodiversity in salmonid watersheds. To be compatible with these goals and principles, hatchery programs need new tools in the following areas: planning that includes assessment of genetic and ecological risks; operational changes based on population inventories and principles of genetics, evolution, and ecology; and monitoring and evaluation for progress in achieving goals while minimizing risks.

Keywords

  • Adaptive Management
  • Brook Trout
  • Pacific Salmon
  • Hatchery Fish
  • Salmon Population

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Kapuscinski, A.R. (1997). Rehabilitation of Pacific Salmon in Their Ecosystems: What Can Artificial Propagation Contribute?. In: Stouder, D.J., Bisson, P.A., Naiman, R.J. (eds) Pacific Salmon & their Ecosystems. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-6375-4_26

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-6375-4_26

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