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Contact Soil Pressure Measurement Techniques

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Abstract

Two basic techniques are normally used for the direct measurement of contact soil pressures at the interfaces between the structure and founding soil. In one of these techniques, the contact soil pressures are measured by means of soil pressure cells installed at the interface between the soil and the underside of the structure; in this case the soil pressure-bearing membrane (contact surface) of the instrument is placed flush with the exposed-to-soil pressure face of the structure, e.g., underside of the footing, backside of the retaining wall, tip or sides of piles, etc. In the second technique, the soil pressure cells are placed in the mass of soil at some distance (usually approximately 30 to 100 mm) from the underside of the footing. Some advocates of this technique (Eidelman 1960a, b; Murzenko 1965; and others) believe that this eliminates the effects of potential soil unevenness at the interface with a structure on readouts by soil pressure measurement instruments.

Keywords

  • Soil Mass
  • Pressure Cell
  • Test Block
  • Soil Pressure
  • Resistance Strain Gage

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© 1998 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

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Lazebnik, G.E., Tsinker, G.P. (1998). Contact Soil Pressure Measurement Techniques. In: Lazebnik, G.E., Tsinker, G.P. (eds) Monitoring of Soil-Structure Interaction. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-5979-5_2

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-5979-5_2

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Boston, MA

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-4613-7740-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4615-5979-5

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