X-Ray Standing wave Studies of Bulk Crystals, Thin Films and Interfaces

  • S. Lagomarsino
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 357)


The basic principles of the x-ray standing wave technique and its application to surface studies have been treated by J. R. Patel in this same volume. In this chapter applications to bulk crystals, thin films and interfaces will be described. Some interesting perspectives coming from non-standard geometries such as back-reflection, grazing incidence and multiple diffraction will be also given.


Standing Wave Bulk Crystal Garnet Crystal Gadolinium Gallium Garnet Standing Wave Pattern 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Lagomarsino
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto Elettronica Stato SolidoCNRRomaItaly

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