The Chaos We Can Observe in Management



We have seen over the last few decades, how Western economies have changed rather dramatically in their production pattern, both in terms of what they produce and how they produce it. While many of us were taught about the three main categories of economic activity: agriculture, industry and services, today’s reality is different. We have seen how agriculture has changed. Many small farms and farmers have disappeared in order to make way for a larger agro-industry. In doing so, and supported by the EU policy concerning agriculture, it became an industry. But probably the most dramatic changes which have taken place are in industry itself, at least in the Western world. If we compare the GNP’s of different “industrialized” countries we see that a major part of that GNP is produced via services; in average around 75%. Service economies are fundamentally different from industrial societies.


Business Process Knowledge Management Information System Dynamic Environment Organizational Learning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Netherlands Business SchoolNijenrode UniversityThe Netherlands

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