Abstract

Zinc oxide (ZnO) is a compound crystallizing in the wurtzite structure, and has a wide band gap ∼3.4 eV at 300 K. It has been used extensively as a photoconducting and fluorescent material, being effective in the visible-to-UV spectral region. The excellent optical, piezoelectric, and acoustooptic properties of a thin ZnO film also make it possible to fabricate solar cell windows [1], gas sensors [2], surface acoustic wave devices [3], and integrated acoustooptic devices [4]. Optically pumped lasing from ZnO platelets have also been observed at very low pump power (∼4 W/cm2) [5].

Keywords

Zinc Anisotropy Hexagonal Sapphire Wurtzite 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sadao Adachi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electronic EngineeringGunma UniversityKiryu-shi, GunmaJapan

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