Goal Programming

  • Sang M. Lee
  • David L. Olson
Part of the International Series in Operations Research & Management Science book series (ISOR, volume 21)


A review of goal programming formulations and of current applications is presented. Some issues in the use of goal programming are discussed along with current research streams, including interactive goal programming, the use of goal programming to incorporate decision maker preference, and the use of goal programming as a tool to aid in multiple objective decision making.


Data Envelopment Analysis Operational Research Goal Programming Nondominated Solution Goal Programming Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Al-Faraj, T. N., A. S. Alidi, A. A. Ai-Ibrahim: A planning model for determining the optimal location and size of traffic centers. European Journal of Operational Research 66:3(1993)272–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Al-Saffar, A. A., M. A. A. Osman: A goal programming model for investment allocation in the Egyptian general insurance market. Middle East Business and Economic Review 8:2(1996)62–74.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Arthur, J., A. Ravindran: PAGP: An efficient algorithm for linear goal programming problems. ACM Transactions of Mathematical Software 6(1980)378–386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Athanassopoulos, A. D.: Goal programming & data envelopment analysis (GoDEA) for target-based multi-level planning: Allocating central grants to the Greek local authorities. European Journal of Operational Research 87(1995)535–550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Athanassopoulos, A. D.: Assessing the comparative spatial disadvantage (CSD) of regions in the European Union using non-radial data envelopment analysis methods. European Journal of Operational Research 94(1996)439–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Bamett, D., B. Blake, B. A. McCarl: Goal programming via multidimensional scaling applied to Senegalese subsistence farms. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 64:4(1982)720–727.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Berbel, J., J. Gallego, H. Sagues: Marketing goals vs. business profitability: An interactive multiple criteria decision making approach. Agribusiness 7:6(1991)537–549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Berbel, J., R. Zamora: An application of MOP and GP to wildlife management. Journal of Environmental Management 44:1(1995)29–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Bernetti, I.: Multiobjective modelling for forest management for timber production. Studi di Economia e Diritto 39:3(1990)523–552.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Bessler, W., G. G. Booth: An interest rate risk management model for commercial banks. European Journal of Operational Research 74:2(1994)243–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Booth, C. G., W. Bessler: Goal programming models for managing interest rate risk. Omega 17(1989)81–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Bose, R. K., G. Anandalingam: Sustainable urban energy-environment management with multiple objectives. Energy 21:4(1996)305–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Broad, L. R.: Spray drier optimisation using goal programming. Irish Journal of Food Science and Technology 15: 1-2(1991)1–2, 17-25.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Brown, K., R. Norgaard: Modelling the telecommunication pricing decision. Decision Sciences 23:3(1992)673–686.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Brown, L. G., R. W. McClendon, K. S. Akbay: Goal programming for estimating initial influx of insect pests. Agricultural Systems 34:4(1990)337–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Brusco, M. J., T. R. Johns: Improving the dispersion of surplus labor in personnel scheduling solutions. Computers & Industrial Engineering 28:4(1995)745–754.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Buongiorno, J., J. L. Peyron, F. Houllier, M. Bruciamacchie: Growth and management of mixed-species, uneven-aged forests in the French Jura: Implications for economic returns and tree diversity. Forest Science 41:3(1995)397–429.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    Caples, S. C., M. E. Hanna, S. R. Premeaux: Least squares versus least absolute value in real estate appraisals. The Appraisal Journal 65:1(1997)18–24.Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    Chang, C. T., J. R. Hwang: A multiobjective programming approach to waste minimization in the utility systems of chemical processes. Chemical Engineering Science 51: 16(1996)3951–3965.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Chang, N. B., Y. L. Chen: Optimal balance between recycling and waste to energy programs by grey fuzzy nonlinear programming. Journal of Environmental Science & Health A32:3(1997)633–647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Chang, N. B., Y. L. Chen, H. W. Chen: A fuzzy regression analysis for the construction cost estimation of wastewater treatment plants. 1. Theoretical development. Journal of Environmental Science and Health A32:4(1997)885–899.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    Chang, N. B., S. F. Wang: Managerial fuzzy optimal planning for solid-waste management systems. Journal of Environmental Engineering — ASCE 122:7(1996)649–658.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Chang, N. B., S. F. Wang: A fuzzy goal programming approach for the optimal planning of metropolitan solid waste management systems. European Journal of Operational Research 99:2(1997)303–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Chang, N. B., S. F. Wang: Integrated analysis of recycling and incineration programs by goal programming techniques. Waste Management & Research 15:2(1997)121–136.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    Changchit, C., M. P. Terrell: A multiobjective reservoir operation model with stochastic inflows. Computers & Industrial Engineering 24:2(1993)303–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Charnes, A., W. W. Cooper: Management Models and Industrial Applications of Linear Programming. Wiley, New York, 1961.Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    Charnes, A., W. W. Cooper: Programming with linear fractional functionals. Naval Research Logistics Quarterly 9(1962)181–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Charnes, A., W. W. Cooper, R. O. Ferguson: Optimal estimation of executive compensation by linear programming. Management Science 1:2(1955)138–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Charnes, A., W. W. Cooper, K. R. Karwan, W. A. Wallace: A goal interval programming model for resource allocation in a marine environmental protection program. Journal of Environmental Economy and Management 3:4(1976)347–362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    Charnes, A., W. W. Cooper, T. Sueyoshi: Least squares/ridge regression and goal programming/constraint regression analysis. European Journal of Operational Research 27(1986)146–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    Charnes, A., A. Gallegos, H. Li: Robustly efficient parametric frontiers via multiplicative DEA for domestic and international operations of the Latin American airline industry. European Journal of Operational Research 88(1996)525–536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    Chen, V.: A 0-1 goal programming model for scheduling multiple maintenance projects at a copper mine. European Journal of Operational Research 76:1(1994)176–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    Chen, Y., M. Narita, M. Tsuji, S. Sa: A genetic algorithm approach to optimization for the radiological worker allocation problem. Health Physics 70:2(1996)180–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    Chunhachinda, P., K. Dandapani, S. Hamid, A. J. Prakash: Portfolio selection and skewness: Evidence from international stock markets. Journal of Banking and Finance 21(1997)143–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    Ciuchi, P., F. Pennacchi: A farm planning problem with multiple objectives. Rivista di Economia Agraria 45:2(1990)295–332.Google Scholar
  36. [36]
    Clayton, E., W. Weber, B. Taylor, III: A goal programming approach to the optimization of multiresponse simulation models. HE Transactions 14(1982)1149–1158.Google Scholar
  37. [37]
    Coetzee, K., J. Heckroodt, J. J. Janse van Rensburg, M. F. Viljoen: Multi-criteria programming models: Suitable planning strategies for entrepreneurs in a changing agricultural environment. Agrekon 32:4(1993)217–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    Cooper, W. W., H. Hemphill, Z. Huang, S. Li, V. Lelas, D. W. Sullivan: Survey of mathematical programming models in air pollution management. European Journal of Operational Research 96:1(1997)1–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    Cooper, W. W., V. Lelas, T. Sueyoshi: Goal programming models and their duality relations for use in evaluating security portfolio and regression relations. European Journal of Operational Research 98:2(1997)431–443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. [40]
    Cornett, D., W. A. Williams: Goal programming for multiple land use planning at Mineral King, California. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 46:5(1991)373–376.Google Scholar
  41. [41]
    Damij, T.: A nutrition optimization and planning system. Zbornik Biotechniske Fakultete Universe v. Ljubljani #63(1994)257–268.Google Scholar
  42. [42]
    deKoeijer, T. J., J. A. Renkema, J. J. M. van Mensvoort: Environmental economic analysis of mixed crop-livestock farming. Agricultural Systems 48:4(1995)515–530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. [43]
    Despotis, D. K.: Fractional minmax goal programming: A unified approach to priority estimation and preference analysis in MCDM. Journal of the Operational Research Society 47(1996)989–999.Google Scholar
  44. [44]
    Dey, P. K., M. T. Tabucanon, S. O. Ogunlana: Hierarchical approach to project planning: The case of a petroleum pipeline construction. Applied Mathematical Modelling 20:9(1996)683–698.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. [45]
    Diaby, M., J.-M. Martel: Preference structure modelling for multi-objective decision making: A goal-programming approach. Journal of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis 6(1997)150–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. [46]
    Dielman, T., R. Pfaffenberger: LAV (least absolute value) estimation in the regression model: A review. TIMS Studies in the Management Sciences 19(1982)31–52.Google Scholar
  47. [47]
    Easton, F. F., D. F. Rossin: A stochastic goal program for employee scheduling. Decision Sciences 27:3(1996)541–563.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. [48]
    Ehie, I. C., C. O. Benjamin: An integrated multiobjective planning model: A case study of the Zambian copper mining industry. European Journal of Operational Research 68:2(1993)160–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. [49]
    Ellis, J. H.: Multiobjective mathematical programming models for acid rain control. European Journal of Operational Research 35(1988)365–377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. [50]
    Ellis, J. H., M. L. Bowman: Critical loads and development of acid rain control options. ASCE Journal of Environmental Engineering 120:2(1994)273–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. [51]
    El-Sayed, M., B. Ridgely, E. Sandgren: Nonlinear structural optimization using goal programming. Computers Structures 32(1989)69–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. [52]
    Fahmy, D., H. El Shishiny: A goal programming model for desert farm planning. Advances in Desert and Arid Land Technology Development 5(1991)69–86.Google Scholar
  53. [53]
    Feinstein, C. D., M. N. Thapa: Notes: A reformulation of a mean-absolute deviation portfolio optimization model. Management Science 37(1993)1552–1553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. [54]
    Fiske, W. A., G. E. D’Souza, J. J. Fletcher, T. T. Phipps, W. B. Bryan, E. C. Prigg: An economic and environmental assessment of alternative forage-resource production systems: A goal programming approach. Agricultural Systems 45:3(1994)259–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. [55]
    Franz, L., S. M. Lee: “A goal programming based interactive support system”. In J. N. Morse (ed) Organizations: Multiple Agents with Multiple Criteria, Springer Lecture Notes on Economic Mathematical Systems Vol. 190, Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1981, pp. 110–115.Google Scholar
  56. [56]
    Freed, N., F. Glover: Simple but powerful goal programming models for discriminant problems. European Journal of Operational Research 7(1981)44–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. [57]
    Freed, N., F. Glover: Evaluating alternative linear programming models to solve the two-group discriminant problem. Decision Sciences 17(1986)151–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. [58]
    Fukukawa, T., S.-C. Hong: The determination of the optimal number of kanbans in a just-in-time production system. Computers & Industrial Engineering 24:4(1993)551–559.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. [59]
    Gagnon, R. J., C. Sheu: A strategic MIGP model for acquiring advanced technologies. Computers & Industrial Engineering 32:1(1997)145–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. [60]
    Gen, M., K. Ida, Y. Tsujimura, C. E. Kim: Large-scale 0-1 fuzzy goal programming and its application to reliability optimization problems. Computers & Industrial Engineering 24:4(1993)539–549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. [61]
    Ghandforoush, P.: Optimal allocation of time in a hospital pharmacy using goal programming. Journal of the Operational Research Society 70:2(1993)191–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. [62]
    Geiger, J. J., N. Pendegraft, L. M. Geiger: A pc-based project management tool. Journal of Systems Management 47:3(1996)52–57.Google Scholar
  63. [63]
    Giokas, D.: The use of goal programming and data envelopment analysis for estimating efficient marginal costs of outputs. Journal of the Operational Research Society 48(1997)319–323.Google Scholar
  64. [64]
    Giokas, D., M. Vassiloglou: A goal programming model for bank assets and liabilities management. European Journal of Operational Research 50: 1(1991)48–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. [65]
    Goedhart, M. H.: Financial Planning in Divisionalised Firms: Models and Methods. Thesis Publishers, Amsterdam, 1994.Google Scholar
  66. [66]
    Goedhart, M. H., J. Spronk: Financial planning with fractional goals. European Journal of Operational Research 82 (1995a) 111–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. [67]
    Goedhart, M. H., J. Spronk: An interactive heuristic for financial planning in decentralized organizations. European Journal of Operational Research 86 (1995b) 162–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. [68]
    Gokcen, H., E. Erel: A goal programming approach to mixed-model assembly line balancing problem. International Journal of Production Economics 48:2(1997)177–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. [69]
    Golany, B., F. Y. Phillips, J. J. Rousseau: Optimal design of syndicated panels: A mathematical programming approach. European Journal of Operational Research 87: 1(1995)148–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. [70]
    Golany, B., G. Yu: A goal programming-discriminant function approach to the estimation of an empirical production function based on DEA results. Journal of Productivity Analysis 6:2(1995)171–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. [71]
    Hannan, E. L.: Nondominance in goal programming. INFOR 18(1980)300–309.Google Scholar
  72. [72]
    Hannan, E. L.: On Fuzzy Goal Programming. Decision Sciences 12:3(1981)522–531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. [73]
    Hannan, E. L.: An assessment of some criticisms of goal programming. Computers and Operational Research 12(1985)525–541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. [74]
    He, X. P., X. D. Pei, X. D. Guan: Trends in vegetable supply in the peak season in Beijing. Acta Agriculturae Univesitatis Pekinensis 16:3(1990)301–306.Google Scholar
  75. [75]
    Hoffman, J. J., M. J. Schniederjans: A two-stage model for structuring global facility site selection decisions: The case of the brewing industry. International Journal of Operations & Production Management 14:4(1994)79–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. [76]
    Holden, S. T.: Peasant household modelling: Farming systems evolution and sustainability in northern Zambia. Agricultural Economics 9:3(1993)241–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. [77]
    Hoshino, T., K. Yura, K. Hitomi: Optimization analysis for recycle-oriented manufacturing systems. International Journal of Production Research 33:8(1995)2069–2078.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. [78]
    Huang, Z., S. X. Li: Dominance stochastic models in data envelopment analysis. European Journal of Operational Research 95(1996)390–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. [79]
    Hwang, C., A. Masud: Multiple Objective Decision Making Methods and Applications. Springer, Berlin, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. [80]
    Ignizio, J. P.: Goal Programming and Extensions. Lexington Books, Lexington, MA, 1976.Google Scholar
  81. [81]
    Ignizio, J. P.: The determination of a subset of efficient solutions via goal programming. Computers and Operations Research 8(1981)9–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. [82]
    Ignizio, J. P.: Linear Programming in Single and Multiple Objective Systems. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1982Google Scholar
  83. [83]
    Inuiguchi, M., M. Sakawa, Y. Kume: The usefulness of possibilistic programming in production planning problems. International Journal of Production Economics 33:1-3(1994)45–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. [84]
    Irwin, S. C., J. L. Scott, R. G. Jackson: A semen allocation system for livestock improvement: A case study in goal programming. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 16:1(1996)87–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. [85]
    Jaaskelainen, V.: Accounting and Mathematical Programming. The Helsinki School of Economics, Helsinki, 1969.Google Scholar
  86. [86]
    Jedicke, V., W. L. Wilbur, A. K. Rifai: Goal programming: An effective tool in commercial bank management. Mid-American Journal of Business 14:10(1994)31–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. [87]
    Johnson, P. J., P. A. Oltenacu, H. M. Kaiser, R. W. Blake: Modeling parasite control programs for developing nations using goal programming. Journal of Production in Agriculture 4:1(1991)33–38.Google Scholar
  88. [88]
    Jones, D. F., M. Tamiz: Expanding the flexibility of goal programming via preference modelling techniques. Omega 23:1(1995)41–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. [89]
    Kalpic, D., V. Momar, M. Baranovic: Case study based on a multi-period multi-criteria production planning model. European Journal of Operational Research 87:3(1995)658–669.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. [90]
    Kalu, T. C. U.: Determining the impact of Nigeria’s economic crisis on the multinational oil companies: A goal programming approach. Journal of the Operational Research Society 45:2(1994)165–177.Google Scholar
  91. [91]
    Kalu, T. C. U.: Petroleum industry sensitivity and world oil market prices: The Nigerian example. Journal of Energy and Development 21:1(1995)45–62.Google Scholar
  92. [92]
    Kangas, J., T. Pukkala: A decision theoretic approach applied to goal programming of forest management. Silva Fennica 26:3(1992)169–176.Google Scholar
  93. [93]
    Kendall, K., S. M. Lee: A goal programming approach to blood rotation. Management Science 26: 11(1980)1145–1157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. [94]
    Kendall, K., S. M. Lee: Improving perishable product inventory management using goal programming. Journal of Operations Management 1:2(1980)77–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. [95]
    Khorramshahgol, R., A. A. Okuruwa: Goal programming approach to investment decisions: A case study of fund allocation among different shopping malls. European Journal of Operational Research73: 1 (1994) 17–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. [96]
    Khouja, M., R. Conrad: Balancing the assignment of customer groups among employees: Zero-one goal programming and heuristic approaches. International Journal of Operations & Production Management 15:3(1995)76–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. [97]
    Kim, S. H., B. S. Ahn, S. H. Choi: An efficient force planning system using multi-objective lineear goal programming. Computers & Operations Research 24:6(1997)569–580.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. [98]
    Kim, G. C., M. J. Schniederjans: A multiple objective model for a just-in-time manufacturing system environment. Journal of Operations & Production Management 13:12(1993)47–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. [99]
    Kolenka, I.: The choice of optimal strategy of forest management from the viewpoint of economic prosperity. Acta Facultatis Forestalis Zvolen #35(1993)369–377.Google Scholar
  100. [100]
    Kornbluth, J. S. H., R. E. Steuer: Goal programming with linear fractional functional. European Journal of Operational Research 8(1981)58–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. [101]
    Kumar, P., N. Singh, N. K. Tewari: A nonlinear goal programming model for multistage, multiobjective decision problems with application to grouping and loading problem in a flexible manufacturing system. European Journal of Operational Research 53:2(1991)166–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. [102]
    Kwak, N. K., M. J. Schniederjans, K. S. Warkentin: An application of linear goal programming to the marketing distribution decision. European Journal of Operational Research 52:3(1991)334–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. [103]
    Lam, K. F., E. U. Choo: A linear goal programming model for classification with non-monotone attributes. Computers and Operations Research 20:4(1993)403–408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. [104]
    Lam, K. F., E. U. Choo: Goal programming in preference decomposition. Journal of the Operational Research Society 46(1995)205–213.Google Scholar
  105. [105]
    Lam, K. F., E. U. Choo, W. C. Wedley: Linear goal programming in estimation of classification probability. European Journal of Operational Research 67:1(1993)101–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. [106]
    Lam, K. F., J. W. Moy: Improved linear programming formulations for the multi-group discriminant problem. Journal of the Operational Research Society 47(1996)1526–1529.Google Scholar
  107. [107]
    Lashine, S., B. Foote, A. Ravindran: A nonlinear mixed integer goal programming model for the 2-machine closed flow-shop. European Journal of Operational Research 55:1(1991)57–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. [108]
    Lee, C. S., C. G. Wen: Fuzzy goal programming approach for water quality management in a river basin. Fuzzy Sets and Systems 89:2(1997)181–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. [109]
    Lee, S. M.: Decision analysis through goal programming. Decision Sciences 2:2(1971)172–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. [110]
    Lee, S. M.: Goal Programming for Decision Analysis. Auerbach, Philadelphia, 1972.Google Scholar
  111. [111]
    Lee, S. M., D. L. Chesser: Goal programming for portfolio selection. Journal of Portfolio Management 6(1980)22–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. [112]
    Lee, S. M., S. Chung, A. Everett: Goal programming methods for implementation of just-in-time production. Production Planning and Control 3:2(1992)175–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. [113]
    Lee, S. M., H. Eom: A large scale goal programming-based decision support for global financing strategy formulation. Information & Management 12:1(1987)33–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. [114]
    Lee, S. M., H. Eom: A multicriteria approach to formulating international project-financing strategies. Journal of the Operational Research Society 40:6(1989)519–528.Google Scholar
  115. [115]
    Lee, S. M., H. B. Eom, C. A. Snyder, F. N. Ford: A multiple criteria decision support system for global finance and planning. Journal of Management Information Systems 4:4 (1987-1988) 94–113.Google Scholar
  116. [116]
    Lee, S. M., A. Everett, J. Melkonian: Optimizing lot size and setup time in a JIT environment: A multiple objective application. Production Planning and Control 5:3(1994)308–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. [117]
    Lee, S. M., H. Jung: A multi-objective production planning model in a flexible manufacturing environment. International Journal of Production Research 27:11(1989)1981–1992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. [118]
    Lee, S. M., R. Luebbe: The multi-criteria warehouse location problem revisited. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Materials Management 17:3(1987)56–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. [119]
    Lee, S. M., D. L. Olson: Chance constrained aggregate blending. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management 109:1(1983)39–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. [120]
    Lee, S. M., D. L. Olson: A gradient algorithm for chance constrained nonlinear goal programming. European Journal of Operational Research 22(1985)359–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. [121]
    Lee, S. M., J.-P. Shim: Planning for multiple objectives with zero-base budgeting. Long Range Planning 17:5(1984)103–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. [122]
    Lewis, R. P., Jr., H. A. Taha: An investigation of the use of goal programming to fit response surfaces. European Journal of Operational Research 86(1995)537–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. [123]
    Love, C. E., K. F. Lam: Classifying and controlling errors in forecasting using multiple criteria goal programming. Computers and Operations Research 21:9(1994)979–989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. [124]
    Lyu, J., A. Gunasekaran, C. Y. Chen, C. Kao: A goal programming model for the coal blending problem. Computers & Industrial Engineering 6:2(1995)861–868.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. [125]
    Malczewski, J., W. Ogryczak: The multiple criteria location problem: 2. Preference-based techniques and interactive decision support. Environment and Planning A-28: 1 (1996) 69–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. [126]
    Markowski, C. A., J. P. Ignizio: Duality and transformations in multiphase and sequential linear goal programming. Computers and Operations Research 10:4 (1983a) 321–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. [127]
    Markowski, C. A., J. P. Ignizio: Theory and properties of the lexicographic linear goal programming dual. Large Scale Systems 5 (1983b) 115–121.Google Scholar
  128. [128]
    Martel, J. M., B. Aouni: Incorporating the decision-maker’s preferences in the goal-programming model. Journal of the Operational Research Society 41(1990)1121–1132.Google Scholar
  129. [129]
    Masud, A. S., C. L. Hwang: Interactive sequential goal programming. Journal of the Operational Research Society 32(1981)391–400.Google Scholar
  130. [130]
    McCarl, B. A., M. E. Raster, J. R. Stokes, H. A. Ziari: Improving shadow price information: Obtaining relevant shadow prices from multiple objective programming problems. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 78(1996)699–705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. [131]
    McGregor, M. J., J. B. Dent: An application of lexicographic goal programming to resolve the allocation of water from the Rakaia River. Agricultural Systems 41:3(1993)349–367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. [132]
    Michnik, J., T. Trzaskalik: Linear goal programming model for portfolio management in Polish commercial banks. Central European Journal for Operations Research and Economics 3:3 (1995-1995) 243–248.Google Scholar
  133. [133]
    Min, H.: International intermodal choices via chance-constrained goal programming. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 25:6(1991)351–362.Google Scholar
  134. [134]
    Min, H.: On misconceptions in goal programming — Response. Journal of the Operational Research Society 42:10(1991)928–929.Google Scholar
  135. [135]
    Min, H., J. Storbeck: On the origin and persistence of misconceptions in goal programming. Journal of the Operational Research Society 42:4(1991)301–312.Google Scholar
  136. [136]
    Mitra, A., J. G. Patankar: An integrated multicriteria model for warranty cost estimation and production. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management 40:3(1993)300–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. [137]
    Mohammed, R. H.: The relationship between goal programming and fuzzy programming. Fuzzy Sets and Systems 89(1997)215–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. [138]
    Moore, L. J., J. C. Davis, A. E. Harvey, J. J. Imholz: Multicriteria models for analysis of the environmental restoration and waste management program. Computers & Industrial Engineering 25:1-4(1993)21–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. [139]
    Mote, J., D. L. Olson, M. A. Venkataramanan: A comparative multiobjective programming study. Mathematical and Computer Modelling 10:10(1988)719–729.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. [140]
    Mukherjee, K., A. Bera: Application of goal programming in project selection decision — A case study from the Indian coal mining industry. European Journal of Operational Research 82:1(1995)18–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. [141]
    Muthukude, P., J. L. Novak, and C. Jolly: A goal programming evaluation of the fisheries development plan for Sri Lanka’s coastal fishing fleet 1988-1991. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 72:5 (1990) 1367.Google Scholar
  142. [142]
    Myint, S., M. T. Tabucanon: A multiple-criteria approach to machine selection for flexible manufacturing systems. International Journal of Production Economics 33:1-3(1994)121–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. [143]
    Nanda, J., D. Kothari, K. Lingamurthy: Economic-emission load dispatch through goal programming techniques. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion 3(1988)26–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. [144]
    Narasimhan, R.: Goal programming in a fuzzy environment. Decision Sciences 11(1980)325–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. [145]
    Nino de Zepeda, A., M. Maino, F. di Silvestri, J. Berdegue, F. de Silvestre: The trade-off between sustainability and productivity: A multicriteria decision making approach. Investigacion Agraria Economia 9:1(1994)143–155.Google Scholar
  146. [146]
    Njiti, C. F., D. M. Sharpe: A goal-programming approach to the management of competition and conflict among land uses in the tropics: The Cameroon example. Ambio 23:2(1994)112–119.Google Scholar
  147. [147]
    Nogami, K.: Forest management planning and fuzzy goal programming. Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society 73:1(1991)34–39.Google Scholar
  148. [148]
    November, S. M., R. G. Cromley, E. K. Cromley: Multi-objective analysis of school district regionalization alternatives in Connecticut. Professional Geographer 48:1(1996)1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. [149]
    Nudtasomboon, N., S. U. Randhaawa: Resource-constrained project scheduling with renewable and non-renewable resources and time-resource tradeoffs. Computers & Industrial Engineering 32:1(1997)227–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. [150]
    Ogryczak, W.: On the lexicographic minimax approach to location problems. European Journal of Operational Research 100:3(1997)566–585.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. [151]
    Ohta, H., T. Yamaguchi: Linear fractional goal programming in consideration of fuzzy solution. European Journal of Operational Research 92(1996)157–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. [152]
    Olson, D. L., E. White, E., C.-Y. Wei: Prediction interval constrained programming. Journal of Quality Technology 20:2(1988)90–97.Google Scholar
  153. [153]
    Peralta, R. C., J. Solaimanian, G. R. Musharrafich: Optimal dispersed ground-water contaminant management: MODCON method. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management — ASCE 121:6(1995)490–498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. [154]
    Philipson, R., A. Ravindran: Application of goal programming to machinability data optimization. Transactions of the ASME 100(1978)286–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. [155]
    Piech, B., T. Rehman: Application of multiple criteria decision making methods to farm planning: A case study. Agricultural Systems 41(1993)305–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. [156]
    Preckel, P., A. Featherstone, T. Baker: Interpreting dual variables for optimization with nonmonetary objectives. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 69(1987)849–851.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. [157]
    Premachandra, I. M.: A goal-programming model for activity crashing in project networks. Journal of Operations & Production Management 13:6(1993)79–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. [158]
    Puelz, A. V., S. M. Lee: A multiple-objective programming technique for structuring tax-exempt serial revenue debt issues. Management Science 38:8(1992)1186–1200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. [159]
    Qiu, M.: Prioritising and scheduling road projects by genetic algorithm. Mathematics and Computers in Simulation 43:3–6, 1997, 569-574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. [160]
    Ramanathan, R., L. S. Ganesh: A multiobjective evaluation of energy alternatives for water pumping in urban households. Energy Sources 17:2(1995)223–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. [161]
    Ramanathan, R., L. S. Ganesh: Energy resource allocation incorporating qualitative and quantitative criteria: An integrated model using goal programming and AHP. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences 29:3(1995)197–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. [162]
    Randhawa, S. U., D. Sitompul: A heuristic-based computerized nurse scheduling system. Computers & Operations Research 20:8(1993)837–844.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. [163]
    Rao, S. S., K. Sundararaju, B. G. Prakash, C. Balakrishna: Fuzzy goal programming approach for structural optimization. AIAA Journal 30:5(1992)1425–1432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. [164]
    Ravindran, A., W. Shin, J. Arthur, H. Moskowitz: Nonlinear integer goal programming models for acceptance sampling. Computers and Operations Research 13(1986)611–622.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. [165]
    Ravirala, V., D. A. Grivas: Goal-programming methodology for integrating pavement and bridge programs. Journal of Transportation Engineering 121:4(1995)345–351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. [166]
    Reeves, G. R., S. R. Hedin: A generalized interactive goal programming procedure. Computers and Operations Research 20:7(1993)747–753.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. [167]
    Retzlaff-Roberts, D. L., R. C. Morey: A goal-programming method of stochastic allocative data envelopment analysis. European Journal of Operational Research 71(1993)379–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. [168]
    Ringuest, J. L.: Multiobjective optimization: Behavioral and computational considerations. Kluwer Academic, Norwell, MA, 1992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. [169]
    Roljic, L., M. Dujsic: Nonlinear goal programming model application in optimal economy development policy choosing. Economic Analysis and Workers’ Management 25:2(1991)155–170.Google Scholar
  170. [170]
    Romero, C: A survey of generalized goal programming (1970-1982). European Journal of Operational Research 25(1986)183–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. [171]
    Romero, C: Handbook of Critical Issues Within Goal Programming. Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1991.Google Scholar
  172. [172]
    Romero, C: On misconceptions in goal programming. Journal of the Operational Research Society 42:10(1991)927–928.Google Scholar
  173. [173]
    Romero, C: Carry on with redundancy in lexicographic goal programming. European Journal of Operational Research 78(1994)441–442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. [174]
    Romero, C., T. Rehman: Multiple Criteria Analysis for Agricultural Decisions. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1989.Google Scholar
  175. [175]
    Rossing, W. A. H., J. W. E. Jansma, F. J. de Ruijter, J. Schans: Operationalizing sustainability: Exploring options for environmentally friendly flower bulb production systems. European Journal of Plant Pathology 103:3(1997)217–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. [176]
    Saber, H. M., A. Ravindran: Nonlinear goal programming theory and practice: A survey. Computers & Operations Research 20:3(1993)275–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. [177]
    Santhanam, R., J. Kyparisis: A multiple criteria decision model for information system project selection. Computers & Operations Research 22:8(1995)807–818.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. [178]
    Santhanam, R., M. J. Schniederjans: A model formulation system for information system project selection. Computers & Operations Research 20:7(1993)755–767.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. [179]
    Schniederjans, M. J.: Linear Goal Programming. Petrocelli Books, Princeton, NJ, 1984.Google Scholar
  180. [180]
    Schniederjans, M. J.: Goal Programming: Methodology and Applications. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. [181]
    Schniederjans, M. J.: The life cycle of goal programming research as recorded in journal articles. Operations Research 43:4(1995)551–558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. [182]
    Schniederjans, M. J., T. Garvin: Using the analytic hierarchy process and multi-objective programming for the selection of cost drivers in activity-based costing. European Journal of Operational Research 100:1(1997)72–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. [183]
    Schniederjans, M. J., J. J. Hoffman: Multinational acquisition analysis — A zero-one goal programming model. European Journal of Operational Research 62:2(1992)175–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. [184]
    Schniederjans, M. J., J. J. Hoffman, G. S. Sirmans: Using goal programming and the analytic hierarchy process in house selection. Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics 11:2(1995)167–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. [185]
    Schniederjans, M. J., C. M. Karuppan: Designing a quality control system in a service organization: A goal programming case study. European Journal of Operational Research 81:2(1995)249–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. [186]
    Schniederjans, M. J., R. Santhanam: A multi-objective constrained resource information system project selection method. European Journal of Operational Research 70:2(1993)244–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. [187]
    Shiau, T. N., C. P. Kuo, J. R. Hwang: Multi-objective optimization of a flexible rotor in magnetic bearings with critical speeds and control current constraints. Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power — Transactions of the ASME 119:1, 186–195.Google Scholar
  188. [188]
    Shin, W., A. Ravindran: An interactive MOMP method: A survey. Computers & Operations Research 18(1991)97–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. [189]
    Siha, S.: A decision model for selecting mutually exclusive alternative technologies. Computers & Operations Research 24:3(1993)459–475.Google Scholar
  190. [190]
    Sinclair, M., D. L. van Oudheusden: A103(1997) 18-27 in heavily congested cities. European Journal of Operational Research 103:1(1997)18–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. [191]
    Specht, P. H.: Multicriteria planning model for mental health services delivery. International Journal of Operations & Production Management 13:9(1993)62–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. [192]
    Spronk, J., B. Matarazzo: Interactive multifunctional planning for agriculture: State of the art. Rivista di Economia Agraria 47:4(1992)531–543.Google Scholar
  193. [193]
    Stewart, T. J.: A critical survey on the status of multiple criteria decision making: Theory and practice. Omega 20:5(1992)569–586.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. [194]
    Sudhir, V., V. R. Muraleedharan, G. Srinivasan: Integrated solid waste management in urban India: A critical operational research framework. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences 30:3(1996)163–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. [195]
    Sueyoshi, T.: Constrained regression median for measuring possible salary discrimination. European Journal of Operational Research 77:2(1994)253–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. [196]
    Sueyoshi, T.: Divestiture of Nippon Telegraph and Telephone. Management Science 42:9(1996)1326–1351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. [197]
    Sumpsi, J. M., F. Amador, C. Romero: On farmers’ objectives: A multi-criteria approach. European Journal of Operational Research 96:1(1997)64–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. [198]
    Sutardi, C. R. Bector, I. Goulter: Model for optimal investment for irrigation projects in Bengkulu Province, Indonesia. Water International 16:2(1991)64–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. [199]
    Sutardi, C. R. Bector, I. Goulter: Multiobjecrive water resources investment planning under budgetary uncertainty and fuzzy environment. European Journal of Operational Research 82(1995)556–591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. [200]
    Sutardi, C. R. Bector, I. Goulter, T. C. E. Cheng: Multiobjective water resources investment planning under budgetary and socio-technical uncertainties. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management 41:1(1994)50–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. [201]
    Suter, W. C., Jr., J. A. Calloway: Rough mill policies and practices examined by a multiple-criteria goal program called ROMGOP. Forest Products Journal 44:10(1994)19–28.Google Scholar
  202. [202]
    Suzuki, S.: Multigoal programming for structure control design synthesis with fuzzy goals. JSME International Journal C38:3(1995)450–456.Google Scholar
  203. [203]
    Tamiz, M., D. F. Jones: Algorithmic improvements to the method of Martel and Aouni. Journal of the Operational Research Society 46(1995)254–257.Google Scholar
  204. [204]
    Tamiz, M., D. F. Jones: Interactive framework for investigation of goal programming models: Theory and practice. Journal of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis 6(1997)52–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. [205]
    Tamiz, M., D. F. Jones, E. Eldarzi: A review of goal programming and its applications. Annals of Operations Research 58(1995)39–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. [206]
    Taplin, J. H. E. M. Qiu, Z. Zhang: Allocation of public road funds by goal programming on multiple criteria. Australian Journal of Public Administration 54:1(1995)58–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. [207]
    Taylor, B., L. Moore, E. Clayton: R&D project selection and manpower allocation with integer nonlinear goal programming. Management Science 28(1982)1149–1158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  208. [208]
    Taylor, B., L. Moore, E. Clayton, K. R. Davis, T. Rakes: An integer goal programming models for the deployment of state highway patrol units. Management Science 31(1985)1335–1347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  209. [209]
    Van Berlo, J. M., J. M. Van Berlo: A decision support tool for the vegetable processing industry: An integrative approach of market, industry and agriculture. Agricultural Systems 43:1(1993)91–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. [210]
    Vankooten, G. C: How to preserve wilderness areas without an endangered species act — Examining tradeoffs on Vancouver Island with goal programming. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 76:5 (1994) 1262.Google Scholar
  211. [211]
    Vankooten, G. C: Modeling public forest land use tradeoffs on Vancouver Island. Journal of Forest Economics 1:2(1995)191–217.Google Scholar
  212. [212]
    Venkataraman, R., J. Nathan: Master production scheduling for a process industry environment: A case study. International Journal of Operations & Production Management 14:10(1994)44–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. [213]
    Venkataraman, R., S. B. Smith: Disaggregation to a rolling horizon master production schedule with minimum batch-size production restrictions. International Journal of Production Research 34:6(1996)1517–1537.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  214. [214]
    Wang, H.-F., C.-C. Fu: A generalization of fuzzy goal programming with preemptive structure. Computers and Operations Research 24:9(1997)819–828.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. [215]
    Watanabe, N., S. Hiraki: An approximate solution to a JIT-based ordering system. Computers & Industrial Engineering 31:3-4(1996)565–569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  216. [216]
    Wei, J.-C., D. L. Olson, E. M. White: Simultaneous optimization in process quality control via prediction-interval constrained programming. Journal of the Operational Research Society 41:12(1990)1161–1167.Google Scholar
  217. [217]
    Weistroffer, H.: An interactive goal programming method for nonlinear multiple-criteria decision-making problems. Computers & Operations Research 10(1983)311–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  218. [218]
    Yang, C. W.: A note on the bounded solution of the bilateral monopoly mode. Eastern Economic Journal 17:3(1991)367–372.Google Scholar
  219. [219]
    Yang, Y. P., Y. A. Chen: Multiobjective optimization of hard disk suspension assemblies: 2. Integrated structure and control design. Computers & Structures 59:4(1996)771–782.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. [220]
    Yang, Y. P., C. C. Kuo: Passive and active design of hard disk suspension assemblies using multiobjective optimization techniques. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 145:1-2(1997)147–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  221. [221]
    Yin, Y. Y., J. T. Pierce, E. Love: Designing a multisector model for land conversion study. Journal of Environmental Management 44:3(1995)249–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. [222]
    Yura, K..: Production scheduling to satisfy worker’s preferences for days off and overtime under due-date constraints. International Journal of Production Economics 33:1-3(1994)265–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. [223]
    Zamora, R., J. Berbel: Multiobjective and goal programming applied to wildlife management: A case study on a Mediterranean ecosystem. Investigacion Agraria Economia 10:2(1995)253–263.Google Scholar
  224. [224]
    Zanakis, S. H., S. K. Gupta: A categorized bibliographic survey of goal programming. Omega 13(1985)211–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  225. [225]
    Zekri, S., C. Romero: Influence of decision making preferences and economic incentives upon the reduction of river pollution. Investigacion Agraria Economia 6:2(1991)223–239.Google Scholar
  226. [226]
    Zeleny, M.: The pros and cons of goal programming. Computers and Operational Research 8(1981)357–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. [227]
    Zhu, Z. W., M. A. Mcknew: A goal programming workload balancing optimization model for ambulance allocation — An application to Shanghai, PR China. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences 27:2(1993)137–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sang M. Lee
  • David L. Olson

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations