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Triterpenes and Steroids

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Abstract

Triterpenes constitute a significant portion of the lipid substances of all plants; more than 4000 triterpenoids have been isolated. These compounds are precursors to steroids in both plants and animals. Steroids are components of membranes in plants. Both triterpenes and steroids occur free, as glycosides (Boar and Allen, 1973), or in other combined forms. Correct structures for many were not forthcoming until about 1940 (Connolly and Overton, 1972). The structures of triterpenes and steroids may be subdivided into about 40 major types (Fig. 23.1) (Connolly and Hill, 1991; Devon and Scott, 1972).

Keywords

  • Ursolic Acid
  • Plant Sterol
  • Oleanolic Acid
  • Farnesyl Pyrophosphate
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These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Seigler, D.S. (1998). Triterpenes and Steroids. In: Plant Secondary Metabolism. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-4913-0_23

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