Psychoneuroimmunology and HIV/AIDS

  • Neil Schneiderman
  • Michael Antoni
  • Gail Ironson
  • Nancy Klimas
  • Barry Hurwitz
  • Mahendra Kumar
  • Arthur LaPierre
  • Kimberly Brownley
  • Mary Ann Fletcher

Abstract

The causative agent of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1). This is a retrovirus of the human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma line. An important feature of HIV spectrum disease, whose terminal stage is AIDS, is that it can have a long asymptomatic phase that may last as long as 10 to 15 years (Munoz, Wang Good, Detels, Ginsberg, Kingsley, Phair, & Polk, 1988). This is followed by the appearance of constitutional signs and symptoms (Kaplan, Wofsky, & Volberding, 1987). Death usually ensures within 2 years (Lemp, Payne, Neal, Temelso, & Rutherford, 1990).

Keywords

Depression Caffeine Norepinephrine Meningitis Epinephrine 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Neil Schneiderman
    • 1
  • Michael Antoni
    • 1
  • Gail Ironson
    • 1
  • Nancy Klimas
    • 1
  • Barry Hurwitz
    • 1
  • Mahendra Kumar
    • 1
  • Arthur LaPierre
    • 1
  • Kimberly Brownley
    • 1
  • Mary Ann Fletcher
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MiamiCoral GablesUSA

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