Background ELF Magnetic Fields in a Great Urban Area

  • Giovanni d’Amore
  • Laura Anglesio
  • Alberto Benedetto
  • Marco Tasso


Epidemiologic evidences about increasing of risk of tumoral pathology incidence for group of subjects exposed to ELF magnetic field levels greater than established thresholds (cut-off points) stress the importance of knowledge of exposure in different environments such as residences, working places, schools and, generally, public areas. In the great majority of epidemiologic studies1 these cutpoints were defined equal to 0.1 µT or 0.2 µT, which are considered threshold exposure level typical of group of population residing close to high voltage facilities.


Exposure Index Magnetic Field Exposure Collective Exposure High Voltage Transmission Line Magnetic Field Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    E.P. Washburn, M. J. Orza, J.A. Berlin, W.J. Nicholson, A.C. Todd, H. Frumkin and T.C. Chalmers, Residential proximity to electricity transmission and distribution equipment and risk of childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, and childhood nervous system tumors: systematic review, evaluation, and meta-analysis, Cancer Causes and Control, 5: 299–309 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    H.C. Kamer and A.R. Stamm, Residential long-term magnetic field exposure, in: Proceedings of the 7 th International Symposium on High Voltage Engineering, Dresda, (1991).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    C.J. Merchant, D.C. Renew and J. Swanson, Exposures to power-frequency magnetic fields in the home, J. Radiol. Prot., 14:77–87 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Joss, J. Baumann, U. Kreuter, M. Stratmann and C. Wemli, Exposure to swiss population to 50 Hz magnetic fields, in: Proceedings of 11 th International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Zurich, (1995).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A.W. Preece, P.Grainger, J. Golding and W. Kaune, Domestic magnetic field exposures in Avon, Phys.Med. Biol., 41: 71–81 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Juutilainen, T. Hatfield and E. Läärä, Evaluating alternative exposure indices in epidemiologic studies on extremely low-frequency magnetic fields, Biolectromagnetics, 17: 138–143 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. Tofani, G. d’Amore, G. Fiandino and M. Tasso, Assessment of magnetic fields exposure from AC power lines in an italian residential area, in: Proceedings of Radiation Protection in Neighbouring Countries in Central Europe - 1995, D. GlavicCindro, ed., Ljubljana, (1996).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Tofani, G. d’Amore, G.C. Bonazzola and G. Fiandino, Computational method for power line magnetic field evaluation, ACES Journal, 7: 148–161, (1992).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J.H. Olsen, A. Nielsen and G. Schulgen, Residence near high voltage facilities and risk of cancer in children, British Med. J., 307: 891–895, (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Anversa, S. Battisti, V. Carreri, R. Conti, L. D’Ajello, G. d’Amore, A. Fumi, M. Grandolfo, E. Munafd, S. Tofani, P. Vecchia, Power frequency fields, buildings and the general public: exposure levels and risk assessment, in: M. Maroni, ed., Proceedings of International Conference “Healthy Buildings ‘85”, Milano, (1995).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanni d’Amore
    • 1
  • Laura Anglesio
    • 1
  • Alberto Benedetto
    • 1
  • Marco Tasso
    • 1
  1. 1.ARPA Piemonte - Department of IvreaRegional Environmental Protection AgencyIvreaItaly

Personalised recommendations