Exposure Metrics of Magnetic Fields from Electrified Transport

  • Natalie G. Ptitsyna
  • Giorgio Villoresi
  • Vladimir A. Bochko


Biological and epidemiological studies indicate that possible bioeffects of magnetic fields (MFs) could be related to a variety of different exposure metrics.1 For instance, the effects might:

  • be proportional to the time average of MF strength;

  • be proportional to cumulative MF strength;

  • depend on presence or absence of MF above a certain threshold;

  • occur within windows of MF strength or frequency;

  • depend on presence of MF irregularities and transients.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalie G. Ptitsyna
    • 1
  • Giorgio Villoresi
    • 2
  • Vladimir A. Bochko
    • 3
  1. 1.SPbFIZMIRAN of Russian Academy of ScienceSt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Dip. di FisicaIFSI-CNR, Università “Roma Tre”RomeItaly
  3. 3.Institute PrognozElectrotechnical UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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