Exposure Metrics of Magnetic Fields from Electrified Transport

  • Natalie G. Ptitsyna
  • Giorgio Villoresi
  • Vladimir A. Bochko

Abstract

Biological and epidemiological studies indicate that possible bioeffects of magnetic fields (MFs) could be related to a variety of different exposure metrics.1 For instance, the effects might:

  • be proportional to the time average of MF strength;

  • be proportional to cumulative MF strength;

  • depend on presence or absence of MF above a certain threshold;

  • occur within windows of MF strength or frequency;

  • depend on presence of MF irregularities and transients.

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References

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    M.G. Morgan, and I. Nair, Alternative functional relationships between ELF field exposure and possible health effects, Bioelectrontagnetics 13:335 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    J.D. Sahl, M.A. Kelsh, R.W. Smith, and D.A. Aseltine, Exposure to 60 Hz magnetic fields in the electric utility work environment, Bioelectromagnetics 15:21 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    D.A. Savitz, T. Ohya, D.P. Loomis, R.S. Senior, T.D. Bracken, and R.L. Howard, Correlation among indices of electric utility workers, Bioelectromagnetics 15:193 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    J. Juutilainen, T. Hatfield, and E. Laaraa, Evaluating alternative exposure indices in epidemiological studies on extremely low-frequency magnetic fields, Bioelectromagnetics 17:138 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalie G. Ptitsyna
    • 1
  • Giorgio Villoresi
    • 2
  • Vladimir A. Bochko
    • 3
  1. 1.SPbFIZMIRAN of Russian Academy of ScienceSt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Dip. di FisicaIFSI-CNR, Università “Roma Tre”RomeItaly
  3. 3.Institute PrognozElectrotechnical UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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