Limits for Electric and Magnetic Fields:Grounds and Developments at the European Community Level

  • George Gouvras
  • Christine Schatzl


Modern industrial development has resulted in increasing levels of exposure of people to a complex mix of artificially elevated electromagnetic fields (EMFs) that span a wide frequency range. The growth of electrical power generation and transmission systems, their high visibility and their use in homes and workplaces as well as the proliferation of telecommunications and broadcasting devices have resulted in increasing public concern about possible health effects from exposure to electric and magnetic fields throughout the European Union. Apart from better knowledge and sound scientific data on adverse health effects from acute and chronic exposure to EMFs, a better understanding of risk perception on these matters has to be gained. The European Commission supports, in this context, research, regulatory provision development, and work on risk perception and communication.


Member State Risk Perception Health Protection Article 118a Single European Market 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Gouvras
    • 1
  • Christine Schatzl
    • 2
  1. 1.European CommissionLuxembourg
  2. 2.European CommissionLuxembourg

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