Energy-Dependent Regulation of Cyanobacterial and Chloroplast ATP Synthase

Studies on Synechocystis 6803 ATP Synthase with Mutations in Different Subunits
  • Hendrika S. van Walraven


Cyanobacteria are prokaryotes with a high degree of structural and functional similarity to chloroplasts concerning the composition of their photosynthetic membranes (thy-lakoids [1]). This paper will deal with structure-function relations concerning the activity regulation of the ATP synthase, the terminal enzyme of photosynthetic and respiratory phosphorylation. The overall structure of the ATP synthase is essentially the same among various species. ATP synthesis and hydrolysis are catalysed by the F? part (Figure 1) and are linked to the transmembrane transport of protons catalysed by the F0 part, dissipating or generating a transmembrane proton gradient, respectively. The physiological role of cyanobacterial and chloroplast ATP synthase is primarily to make ATP; several mechanisms are present to prevent ATP hydrolysis as a waste of energy. In thylakoids from cyanobacteria several enzyme complexes, such as the ATP synthase, are shared for photosynthesis and respiration [2] and this has implications for its regulation


Redox Regulation Spirulina Platensis Rhodospirillum Rubrum Hydrophilic Loop Chloroplast Enzyme 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hendrika S. van Walraven
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biomolecular Complexity and Dynamics (BCD) Institute for Molecular Biological Sciences (IMBW) BioCentrum AmsterdamVrije UniversiteitAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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