Biosynthesis of Phycobiliproteins in Cyanobacteria

  • Wendy M. Schluchter
  • Alexander N. Glazer

Abstract

The characteristic blue-green and red colors of cyanobacteria and red algae reflect the presence of their water-soluble, light-harvesting antenna complexes called phycobilisomes. Phycobiliproteins are the major components of these complexes and can represent 40-50% of the total protein of cyanobacterial cells cultured under low light. 1 Each phycobiliprotein consists of two different polypeptide chains, α (~17 kDa) and β (~18 kDa), each of which carries at least one (and up to 3) covalently attached phycobilins. 1, 2 Phycobiliproteins are frequently isolated as (αβ)3 or as (αβ)6 hexameric complexes. The assembly of the phycobiliproteins into phycobilisomes is mediated by their interaction with specific linker polypeptides which also modulate the spectroscopic properties of the phycobiliproteins. 3

Keywords

Adduct Polypeptide NADPH Vinyl Bilirubin 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wendy M. Schluchter
    • 1
  • Alexander N. Glazer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Molecular and Cell BiologyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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