Biofeedback Therapy for Constipation and Fecal Incontinence

  • Satish S. C. Rao


Constipation with obstructive defecation and fecal incontinence are problems that are frequently encountered in the gastrointestinal clinic (1). Until recently, most patients were treated with supportive or empirical therapy or surgery. However, over the last decade, biofeedback therapy has emerged as a useful adjunct for the treatment of these problems. Biofeedback therapy is a learning process that is based on “operant conditioning” techniques. The governing principle is that any behavior—be it a complex maneuver such as eating or a simple task such as muscle contraction—when reinforced, its likelihood of being repeated increases (2).


Fecal Incontinence Anal Sphincter Anorectal Function Biofeedback Training Biofeedback Therapy 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Satish S. C. Rao
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of Iowa College of MedicineIowa CityUSA

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