Obesity and Nutrition

  • Bonnie A. Spear
  • Christopher Reinold
Part of the The Springer Series in Behavioral Psychophysiology and Medicine book series (SSBP)

Abstract

Obesity in America has reached epidemic proportions. It has been called a major health care crisis. In little over a decade, between 1971–1980 and 1988–1991, the prevalence of significantly overweight adults in the United States rose by 33%, far from the decrease of 23% targeted by the US Public Health Service. Currently, 20% of adolescent children and approximately one third of all adults in America are defined as obese. Minority populations, especially minority women, are disproportionately affected; nearly 50% of African-American women are overweight. Overweight and obese adults are at increased risk for morbidity and mortality associated with acute and chronic medical conditions including hypertension, elevated serum lipid levels, coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, respiratory disease, certain types of cancer, gout, and arthritis (American Dietetic Association, 1997).

Keywords

Cholesterol Obesity Arthritis Cortisol Income 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bonnie A. Spear
    • 1
  • Christopher Reinold
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, School of MedicineUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA

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