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Abstract

The European beaver, Castor fiber, was hunted to extinction in The Netherlands in the 1800s. However, suitable habitat is still present, and beavers were reintroduced between 1988 and 1991 in the National Park de Biesbosch. The introduced animals suffered high mortality and the population grew very slowly. The total population size in 1997 was 65 animals and it is increasing at a very slow rate. A potential deficiency in sodium and phosphorus may affect the ability of pairs to reproduce, and could influence the territory size. The Biesbosch region is also contaminated by heavy metals, such as cadmium, and this may also influence beaver reproduction in the future.

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© 1999 Springer Science+Business Media New York

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Dijkstra, V.A.A. (1999). Reintroduction of the Beaver, Castor Fiber, in the Netherlands. In: Busher, P.E., Dzięciołowski, R.M. (eds) Beaver Protection, Management, and Utilization in Europe and North America. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-4781-5_3

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-4781-5_3

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Boston, MA

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-4613-7165-6

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4615-4781-5

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