Subcellular Distribution of Free Fatty Acids, Phospholipids, and Endogenous Lipase Activity of Rabbit Urinary Bladder Smooth Muscle and Mucosa

  • Laura J. O’Connor
  • Tamar Nicholas
  • Robert M. Levin
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 462)



The urinary bladder wall can be separated into two major compartments: the urothelium (mucosa) and the detrusor smooth muscle. Specific dysfunctions of both layers have been linked to ischemia, which may induce significant cellular and subcellular membrane damage via the activation of selective calcium dependent and independent hydrolytic enzymes. Preliminary to investigating changes in cell membrane composition induced by ischemia, we measured the free fatty acid (FFA) and phospholipid (PL) content of normal rabbit bladder muscle and mucosal cellular and subcellular membranes, and characterized the endogenous lipase activity.


Rabbit bladders were excised and the muscle and mucosal layers separated; each layer was homogenized, then fractionated by differential centrifugation. Endogenous lipase activity of the homogenates, and FFA and PL concentrations of the homogenates and subcellular fractions were measured.


(1) The basal FFA concentration of the mucosal homogenates was 5 times that of the muscle homogenates. (2) The basal PL concentrations of the two tissues were similar. (3) Subcellular studies: FFA concentration was greatest in the mitochondrial fraction of both compartments. In the mucosa, PL concentration was significantly greater in the mitochondria and microsomes than in the other fractions; in the smooth muscle, the PL concentration was highest in the mitochondria. (4) The maximal endogenous lipase activity was 10 times higher in the mucosal homogenates than in the muscle homogenates.


These results are consistent with those of previous studies which indicate that the mucosa is metabolically more active than the resting smooth muscle, which may cause the mucosa to be significantly more sensitive than the muscle to hypoxic/ischemic damage.


Free Fatty Acid Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Lipase Activity Interstitial Cystitis Free Fatty Acid Concentration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura J. O’Connor
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Tamar Nicholas
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Robert M. Levin
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Basic and Pharmaceutical SciencesAlbany College of PharmacyAlbanyUSA
  2. 2.Division of UrologyAlbany Medical CollegeAlbanyUSA
  3. 3.Stratton VA Medical CenterAlbanyUSA

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