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Oxygen Dependency of Cerebral CuA Redox State During Increased Oxygen Consumption Produced by Infusion of a Mitochondrial Uncoupler in Newborn Piglets

  • R. Springett
  • J. Newman
  • D. T. Delpy
  • M. Cope
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 471)

Abstract

The mitochondrial uncoupler 2, 4-dinitrophenol (DNP) is a membrane soluble weak acid that is capable of transporting protons across the proton-impermeable inner mitochondrial membrane (Skulachev, 1998). This results in a reduction of the electrochemical gradient across the membrane and stimulation of flux through the electron transport chain, and thus oxygen consumption, without increasing cytosolic ATP hydrolysis. Uncouplers are used extensively in studies on isolated mitochondria to collapse the proton gradient and stimulate respiration (Rumsey et al., 1990), and to study the effects of the proton gradient on the redox state of the components of the electron transport chain (Morgan and Wikström, 1991). In this study, it was not the intention to collapse the mitochondrial proton gradient but to use low doses of DNP in order to stimulate oxygen consumption.

Keywords

Electron Transport Chain Cytochrome Oxidase Oxygen Delivery Cerebral Blood Volume Paracoccus Denitrificans 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Springett
    • 1
  • J. Newman
    • 2
  • D. T. Delpy
    • 1
  • M. Cope
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical Physics and BioengineeringUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of ObstetricsUniversity College LondonLondonUK

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