Genetic Engineering of Plant Chilling Tolerance

  • James Tokuhisa
  • John Browse
Part of the Genetic Engineering book series (GEPM, volume 21)

Abstract

Many plants from tropical and subtropical regions show stress symptoms when grown at low, nonfreezing temperatures. These chilling-sensitive species include crop plants such as cassava, cotton, soybean, maize, rice, tomato, sugarcane and pepper. Many of these crops are grown in regions more temperate than their tropical origins. Despite the best agricultural practices, in these temperate regions, unanticipated low temperatures will injure such plants and can drastically reduce crop yields. At least once every three years chilling damage to crops in California, Florida or other regions of the United States are extensive enough to be reported as headline news. About 14% of the indemnities paid for crop loss coverage between 1939 and 1978 were due to cold (chilling and freezing) damage and in crops such as sweet corn, fresh tomatoes, sorghum hybrid seed, sugarcane and peppers, this damage accounted for between 65 and 87% of the total loss for each crop (1).

Keywords

Maize Chlorophyll Adenosine Photosynthesis Hull 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Tokuhisa
    • 1
  • John Browse
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Biological ChemistryWashington State UniversityPullman

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