Copenhagen Interpretation

  • Andrey Anatoljevich Grib
  • Waldyr Alves RodriguesJr.


In a discussion with Einstein on the EPR issue, Bohr[1],who is considered the “father” of the Copenhagen interpretation (CI), made claims against Einstein’s idea of objective elements of reality existing in the microworld. He believed that the description given by quantum theory is complete. Also he insisted on four important features of quantum physics, which are:
  1. (a)

    “Impossibility of any acute separation of the behavior of the atomic objects and the interaction with the measuring devices which serve to define the conditions under which the phenomena appear.”

  2. (b)

    “The formalism does not allow pictorial representations, on customary lines, but aims directly at establishing relations between observations, obtained under well defined conditions.”

  3. (c)

    “It is imperative to realize that in every account of physical experience we must describe both experimental conditions and observations by the same means of communication as the one used in classical physics.”

  4. (d)

    “We have been forced... to reckon with a free choice on the part of nature between several possibilities.”



Quantum Theory Classical Physic Quantum Particle Schrodinger Equation Quantum Object 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrey Anatoljevich Grib
    • 1
  • Waldyr Alves RodriguesJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.State University of Economics and Finances of St. PetersburgSt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.State University of Campinas and Salesian UniversityCampinasBrazil

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