Importation Protocols and Risk Assessment of Weed Biological Control Agents in Australia: The Example of Carmenta nr Ithacae

  • Toni Withers
  • Rachel McFadyen
  • Jennifer Marohasy


In Australia there is a clear legislative process controlling the deliberate introduction of insects as biological control agents. The current system has been reviewed in (1992) and described for weeds in (1998). We will describe how the biological control introduction process currently runs in Australia, and demonstrate how the system provides an excellent legislative framework to ensure nontarget impacts are minimized. The process will be illustrated using the biological control agent Carmenta nr ithacae Beutenmuller (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) as a case study. C. nr ithacae was recently approved for release against parthenium weed, Parthenium hysterophorus L., in Australia.


Biological Control Biological Control Agent Test List Potential Biological Control Agent Risk Assessment Framework 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toni Withers
    • 1
  • Rachel McFadyen
    • 2
  • Jennifer Marohasy
    • 3
  1. 1.CRC for Tropical Pest ManagementAlan Fletcher Research StationSherwoodAustralia
  2. 2.Queensland Department of Natural ResourcesAlan Fletcher Research StationSherwoodAustralia
  3. 3.CanegrowersBrisbaneAustralia

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