Performance of Markets in a Context of Liberalisation: The Hog Industry in Northern Vietnam

  • Katell Le Goulven


Vietnam is now listed amongst the countries which are “ in transition ” from a centrally planned to a “ market oriented ” economy. Since 1986 the Vietnamese government has implemented a process of liberalisation called “ Renovation ” . The Renovation has led to a complete reorganisation of the agricultural commodity chains. From the establishment of the first agricultural cooperatives in Northern Vietnam in 1959 up until the late 1980’s, agricultural production was part of a hierarchical chain of command from the Ministry of Commerce down to farmers who were organised into production brigades. The agricultural outputs were then marketed by State-run companies in charge of collection, transportation, processing and retail sales in State-run stores. Renovation policies were adopted during the fourth Vietnamese Communist Party congress in 1986. A change to a marketoriented economy was voted in and the government’s first declaration was to recognise the household as the basic unit of production and to legalise private ownership.


Gross Domestic Product Entry Barrier Achieve Food Security Vietnamese Government Marketing Chain 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

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  • Katell Le Goulven

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