Pollution Havens and Industrial Flight: Weighing the Evidence

  • Matthew Auer


There is increasing interest among environmentalists, academicians, and also the business community about the so-called “industrial flight” phenomenon. The concern boils down to whether strict regulations in the advanced industrialized countries compel industries to move their operations to countries with less-exacting environmental rules and regulations. By and large, the latter countries are poor. It is suggested that these poor countries are becoming “pollution havens” for dirty industries. Here, I attempt to draw a distinction between industrial flight and pollution havens. Briefly, one can exist without the other.


Migration Dioxide Dust Petroleum Transportation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew Auer
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Public and Environmental AffairsIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA

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