Psychological Time

Memory, Attention, and Consciousness
  • Richard A. Block
  • Dan Zakay


All animals must be able to encode temporal properties of events, store representations of those properties, and use those representations for actions. Although no sensory organ or perceptual system uniquely subserves psychological time, temporal properties of events provide important information. More highly evolved animals can also consciously remember the timing of past events and anticipate the timing of future events. They experience several aspects of time, including temporal location, duration, and temporal perspective. Timing of events lasting from seconds to minutes is especially important for survival. Many psychologists have studied duration timing, probably because it is a complex and important aspect in terms of environmental adaptation. Most theorists explain duration timing in terms of cognitive processes, biological processes, or both. Some aspects of duration timing require attention and memory, and the study of duration judgments reveals and clarifies the underlying processes.


Anterior Cingulate Cortex Contextual Information Journal ofExperimental Psychology Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Duration Judgment 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard A. Block
    • 1
  • Dan Zakay
    • 2
  1. 1.Montana State UniversityBozemanUSA
  2. 2.Tel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael

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