Advertisement

Gerontechnological Interventions and the Health and Quality of Life of Older People

  • M. Powell Lawton

Abstract

I speak today to represent the social and psychological point of view on how interventions can benefit the quality of life of older people. Whether the intervention be pharmaceutical, biotechnological, or nutritional, we must define clearly what aspect of the older person’s life we intend our intervention to benefit. Despite the emphasis of this entire congress on health, I suggest that treating physical illness and its symptoms constitutes only one part of our task. I shall make a case for examining the benefits of any intervention on aspects of the quality of life that go beyond the domain of health. We should also seek subjective quality of life criteria that indicate not only relief from distress but also enhancement of enjoyment and purpose in life.

Keywords

Positive Emotion Nursing Home Resident Health Utility Positive Mental Health Life Criterion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bradbum, N. (1969). The structure of psychological well-being. Chicago: Aldine.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Churchill, D.M., Torrance, G.W., Taylor, D.W., Barnes, C.C., Ludwin, D., Shimizu, A., & Smith, E.K.M. (1987). Measurement of quality of life in end-stage renal disease: The time trade-off approach. Clinical and Investigative Medicine, 10, 14–20.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Crumbaugh, J.C. (1972). Aging and adjustment: The application of logotherapy and the Purpose-In-Life Test. The Gerontologist, 12, 418–420.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fanshel, S., & Bush, J.W. (1970), A health-status index and its applications to health-services outcomes. Operations Research, 18, 1021–1066.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gottschalk, L. (1974). A hope scale applicable to verbal samples. Archives of General Psychiatry, 30, 770–785.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kaplan, R.M. (1982). Human preference measurement for health decisions and the evaluation of long-term care. In R.L. Kane & R.A. Kane (Eds.) Values and long-term care (pp. 157–188). Lexington MA: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kaplan, R.M., & Bush, J.W. (1982). Health-related quality of life measurement for evaluation research and policy analysis. Health Psychology, 1, 61–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lawton, M.P. (1983). Environment and other determinants of well-being in older people. The Gerontologist, 23, 349–357.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lawton, M.P. (1991). A multidimensional view of quality of life. In J.E. Binen, J.E. Lubben, J.C. Rowe, & D.E. Deutchman (Eds.) The concept and measurement of quality of life in the frail elderly. (pp. 3–27). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lawton, M.P. (1996). Quality of life and affect in later life. In C. Magai & S. McFadden (Eds.) Handbook of emotion, adult development and aging. Orlando FL: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    O’Brien, L.A., Siegert, E.A., Guisse, J.A., Maislin, G., LaPaun, K., Evans, L.K., & Kritki, K. (1997). Tube feeding preferences among nursing home residents. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 12, 304–371.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Scheier, M.F., & Carver, C.S. (1985). Optimism, coping, and health: Assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies. Health Psychology, 4, 219–247.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Powell Lawton
    • 1
  1. 1.Philadelphia Geriatric CenterPhiladelphiaUSA

Personalised recommendations