Molecular Approaches for the Assessment of Microbial Deterioration of Objects of Art

  • Sabine Rölleke
  • Claudia Gurtner
  • Guadalupe Pinar
  • Werner Lubitz


One of the most important criteria for the restoration of cultural heritage is the early identification of material deterioration caused by microbial colonization. In order to give guidance to restorers on how and when such restorative efforts are required and to what extent such efforts need to include treatments to stop microbial growth, methods are needed that allow stock taking of microbial communities on the objects of art. It is also important to assess changes in microbial colonization. The present paper describes molecular approaches which allow the monitoring of biodeterioration processes of objects of art, including mural paintings and historical glass.

Key words

biodeterioration DGGE analysis mural paintings historical glass 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sabine Rölleke
    • 1
  • Claudia Gurtner
    • 1
  • Guadalupe Pinar
    • 1
  • Werner Lubitz
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Microbiology and GeneticsUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria

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