Neuropsychological Assessment of the Criminal Defendant

The Significance of Cultural Factors
Part of the Critical Issues in Neuropsychology book series (CINP)


Neuropsychologists are often asked to evaluate complex cases involving the neurobehavioral consequences of brain injury with numerous etiological and modulating considerations beyond the injury indicated in the referral. Though many of these patients have sustained a serious compromise in their intellectual, behavioral, and cognitive functioning, the magnitude of their impairment and its relationship to their disability is often difficult to ascertain. Examining patients in a forensic context is even more challenging given the myriad of variables that potentially affect the assessment process. Moreover, specific modulating factors such as low motivation, low education, nonorganic or functional disturbances, concurrent medical disorders (e.g., hypertension, pulmonary, cardiovascular disease), socioeconomic status, cultural and/or ethnic influences, and a history of chemical dependency can further complicate this complex differential diagnostic process (Lezak, 1995; Sbordone, 1991; Strickland et al., 1993).


Executive Function Antisocial Behavior Neuropsychological Test Neuropsychological Assessment Criminal Defendant 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IrvineUSA
  2. 2.Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and ScienceLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.UCLA School of MedicineLos AngelesUSA

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