Economic Aspects of Anxiety Disorders

  • Françoise Radat


The economic aspects of anxiety disorders are an important topic, as anxiety is now recognized as a public health problem. This new concern has led to a number of studies. Presently, we are in the era of not only social welfare but also managed health care. These economic-political imperatives imply a better knowledge of anxiety epidemiology, of illness costs and of health intervention costs.


Anxiety Disorder Indirect Cost Panic Disorder National Comorbidity Survey Phobic Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    American Psychiatric Association (1980)—D.S.M. III. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Third edition). 1 vol., Traduction française (1983), Masson Ed. (Paris).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    American Psychiatric Association (1987)—D.S.M. III-R. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. (Third Edition Revised). 1 vol., Traduction française, Masson Ed. (Paris), 1990.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    American Psychiatric Association (1994)—D.S.M. IV. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. (Fourth Edition). 1 vol., Traduction française, Masson Ed. (Paris), 1995.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Angst J., and Dobler-Mikola A. (1985)—The Zurich study V; Anxiety and phobia in young adults. Eur. Arch. Psychiatr. Neurol. Sei., 235,171–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dupont R.L., Rice D.P., Miller L.S., et al. (1996)—Economic costs of anxiety disorders. Anxiety, 2, 167–172.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Frazier S.H., and Carr A.C. (1967)—Phobic reaction. In: Freedman A.M., and Kaplan H.I. (Eds.) Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kavanagh S., and Knapp M. (1998)—The costs of comorbidity: anxiety and depression. Oral communication, C.I.N.E, Glasgow.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kessler R.C., McGonagle K.A., Zhao S., et al. (1994)—Lifetime and 12-Month Prevalence of DSMIII-R Psychiatric Disorders in the United States. Results from the National Comorbidity Survey. Arch. Gen. Psychiatr., 51, pp. 8–19.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kunsebeck H.W., Lempa W., and Freyberger H. (1984)—Prevalence of psychiatric disorders among non psychiatric inpatients. Dtsch. Med. Wochenschr., 109,1438–1442.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lecrubier Y., and Weiller E. (1998)—Characteristics recognition and treatment of dysthymics in primary care. Eur. Psychiatr., 13, 199–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Leguay D., and Feron J. (1986)—Rapport de l’enquête départementale d’épidémiologie réalisée en Mars 1985, par l’Association Scientifique des Psychiatres Angevins. Observatoire Régional de la Santé des Pays de Loire, Angers, 1986.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Leguay, D. (1995)—Epidemiologie des troubles dépressifs. In: Rouillon E, Lépine J.P., and Terra J.L. (Eds.) Epidemiologie psychiatrique. 1 vol. (Paris), Jean pierre Goureau-IEEP, pp. 171–180.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Leon A.C., Portera L., and Weissman M.M. (1995)—The social costs of anxiety disorders. Br. J. Psychiatr., 166, suppl. 27,19–22.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lepinc J.P., Lellouche J., and Lovell A. (1989)—Anxiety and depressive disorders in a French population: Methodology and Preliminary Results. Psychiatric Psychobiol., 4, 367–374.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (1993)—Classification Internationale des Troubles Mentaux et des Troubles du Comportement, 10’ Edition (CIM-10). 1 vol. Masson.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (1994)—Classification Internationale des Troubles Mentaux et des troubles du comportement, Critères diagnostiques pour la recherche, 10’ Edition (CIM-10). 1 vol. Masson.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Regier D.A., Rae D.S., Narrow W.E., et al. (1998)—Prevalence of anxiety disorders and their comorbidity with mood and addictive disorders. Br. J Psychiatr., 173, suppl. 34, 24–28.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Regier D.A., Burke J.D., and Burke K.C. (1990)—Comorbidity of affective and anxiety disorders in the NIMH Epidemilogic Catchment Area Program. In: Maser J.D., and Cloninger C.R. (Eds.) Comorbidity of mood disorders, 1 vol., American psychiatric Press (Washington D.C.).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rice D.P., and Miller L.S. (1995)—The economic burden of affective disorders. Br. J. Psychiatr., 166, suppl. 27, 34–42.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rice D.P., and Miller L.S. (1998)—Health economics and cost implications of anxiety and other mental disorders in the United States. Br. J. Psychiatr., 173, suppl. 34, 4–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rouillon E. (1988)—Etude du trouble panique en médecine générale. L’Encéphale, XIV, 371–378.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Rouillon E, Ferreri M., Parquet E, et al. (1987)—Etude clinique et épidémiologique du trouble “anxiété généralisée” en médecine générale. Ivth International Congress of Psychiatric Epidemiology, Madrid, 1987.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Souetre E., Lozet H., and Cimarosti I. (1994)—Cost of anxiety disorders: impact of comorbidity. J. Psychosom. Res., 38, suppl. 1,151–160.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Vollrath M., and Angst J. (1989)—Outcome of panic and depression in a seven-year follow-up: results of the Zurich study. Acta Psychiatr. Scand., 80, 591–596.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Weissman M.M., Bruce M.L., Leaf P.J., et al. (1990)—Affective Disorders, in: Psychiatric Disorders in America. The Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study, Robins L., and Regier D. (Eds.) Free Press, New York, pp. 53–80.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wittchen H.U. (1998)—Recognition and management of anxiety syndromes. Br. J. Psychiatr., 173, suppl. 34,1–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zung W.W.K. (1986)—Prevalence of clinically significant anxiety in a family practice setting. Am. J. Psychiatr., 143/11,1471–1472.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Françoise Radat
    • 1
  1. 1.Hôpital Charles PerrensUniversité Victor Ségalen Bordeaux 2Bordeaux CédexFrance

Personalised recommendations