InAs/GaSb/AlSb: The Material System of Choice for Novel Tunneling Devices
The nearly lattice—matched InAs/GaSb/AlSb system offers tremendous flexibility in designing novel heterostructures due to the wide range of available band alignments. We have recently exploited this advantage to demonstrate several different devices exhibiting negative differential resistance (NDR) based on interband tunneling. These devices show a wide range of different characteristics including very high peak current densities (1.6 × 105 A/cm2) or peak to valley current ratios (20:1 at 300K and 88:1 at 77K). We have also studied “traditional” double barrier (resonant) tunneling in the InAs/GaSb/AlSb system. In particular, extremely high peak current densities in InAs/AlSb double barrier devices have been exploited to fabricate oscillators operating at the highest frequencies yet reported. Two and three terminal tunneling devices in this material system show great promise for use in high frequency analog and digital applications.
KeywordsResonant Tunneling Peak Current Density Negative Differential Resistance Valence Band Edge Resonant Tunneling Diode
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