Are Cytokines in Human Milk?

  • Armond S. Goldman
  • Helen E. Rudloff
  • Frank C. Schmalstieg
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 310)


Breastfeeding is known to protect the recipient infant against common infectious diseases of the alimentary tracts and respiratory systems. The mechanisms of this protection have been attributed mainly to a system of direct-acting antimicrobial agents that appear to have evolved to act at mucosal surfaces1, and which do not provoke inflammation2. Recent evidence suggests that the protection afforded by breastfeeding may also involve agents that stimulate the maturation of the immune system of the recipient. The evidence is as follows.


Human Milk Whey Protein Mononuclear Leukocyte Common Infectious Disease Defense Agent 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Armond S. Goldman
    • 1
  • Helen E. Rudloff
    • 1
  • Frank C. Schmalstieg
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Immunology/Allergy, Department of PediatricsThe University of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA

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