Are Cytokines in Human Milk?
Breastfeeding is known to protect the recipient infant against common infectious diseases of the alimentary tracts and respiratory systems. The mechanisms of this protection have been attributed mainly to a system of direct-acting antimicrobial agents that appear to have evolved to act at mucosal surfaces1, and which do not provoke inflammation2. Recent evidence suggests that the protection afforded by breastfeeding may also involve agents that stimulate the maturation of the immune system of the recipient. The evidence is as follows.
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