Action and Structure in Problem Solving

  • Raul Espejo


The concern with problem situations is a response to their pervasive nature. A hallmark of human activities is that they are experienced as problematic. In the quest for stability people in general find that they need to bring about some kind of change in the situations of their concern. This quest is much more than countering perceived threats or apprehending opportunities of one kind or another. The constant flux of emotions, the outcomes of on-going interactions, the buffeting of new stimuli, the emergence of new ideas, the fears of the unknown, and a wealth of other factors are responsible for changing expectations about what experiences are acceptable and desirable. As these expectations are not fulfilled by their actions, people start to recognise problem situations; instabilities, that may be construed as opportunities or threats, requiring their creative capacity to deal with them.


Problem Situation Operational Domain Communication Mechanism Soft System Methodology Information System Research 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raul Espejo
    • 1
  1. 1.Aston Management CentreAston UniversityBirminghamEngland

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