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Atmospheric Dispersion of Ammonia Released in a Major Chemical Accident in Ionava, Lithuania

  • J. Kukkonen
  • A. L. Savolainen
  • I. Valkama
  • S. Juntto
  • T. Vesala
Chapter
Part of the NATO · Challenges of Modern Society book series (NATS, volume 15)

Abstract

A very severe chemical accident occurred near the town of Ionava in central Lithuania, in the USSR, 20 March 1989. Approximately 1400 tons of liquefied ammonia was accidentally released into the atmosphere in a catastrophic failure of a storage container. An additional 700 tons of gaseous ammonia was released in the resulting fire.

Keywords

International Atomic Energy Agency Catastrophic Failure Gaseous Ammonia Storage Container Ammonia Vapour 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Kukkonen, J., 1990, Research at the Finnish meteorological Institute on the dispersion of hazardous materials. In: Finnish Association for Aerosol Research, Report Series in Aerosol Science 11. Helsinki, 44-58.Google Scholar
  2. Nordlund, G. and Savolainen, A.L., 1983, Application of non-Gaussian calculation schemes for evaluating atmospheric transfer of radionuclides. In: International Atomic Energy Agency, IAEA-SR-85/20, Vol. I, 57–65.Google Scholar
  3. Nordlund, G. and Tuovinen, J-P., 1986, Modelling long-term averages of sulphur deposition on a regional scale. In: Proceedings of the WMO Conference on air Pollution Modelling and its Application, Vol. III. WMO/TD 187, 53–61.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Kukkonen
    • 1
  • A. L. Savolainen
    • 1
  • I. Valkama
    • 1
  • S. Juntto
    • 1
  • T. Vesala
    • 1
  1. 1.Finnish Meteorological Institute Air Quality DepartmentHelsinkiFinland

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