Hidden Markov Modeling of Speech
Hidden Markov models (HMM) were first described in the classic paper by Baum [Baum 72]. Shortly afterwards, they were extended to automatic speech recognition independently at CMU [Baker 75a] and IBM [Bakis 76, Jelinek 76]. It was only in the past few years, however, that HMMs became the predominant approach to speech recognition, superseding dynamic time warping.
KeywordsHide Markov Model Speech Recognition Automatic Speech Recognition Dynamic Time Warping Forward Algorithm
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