Introduction: Applied Ecological Principles and their Implementation in Nature Conservation

  • Lennart Hansson
Part of the Conservation Ecology Series: Principles, Practices and Management book series (PPM)


Ecology is a young science. It was defined by Haeckel (1869) as the total relationship between animals (or organisms) and their environment, including other organisms. However, it was not generally accepted as a separate discipline until well into the 20th century and did not reach its present status until the 1960s and 1970s. Professionals within ecology have largely emerged from the 18th—19th century tradition of natural history, both internationally (Mcintosh, 1985) and in Scandinavia (Söderqvist, 1986). They also have often had a deep feeling for nature and nature protection. During recent decades the nature conservation movement has attracted another type of ecologist, more interested in theoretical ideas and especially in their mathematical aspects, and who may be pursuing such studies more as an intellectual challenge.


Nature Conservation Nature Reserve Maximum Sustainable Yield Metapopulation Dynamic Island Biogeography 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lennart Hansson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Wildlife EcologySwedish University of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden

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