Construction, Calibration and Evaluation of pO2 Electrodes for Chronical Implantation in the Rabbit Brain Cortex
Aiming at continuous polarographic measurement of the mean pO2 in the rabbit brain cortex before, during and after photochemically induced infarction, we designed and constructed monopolar platinum oxygen electrodes of the open type for chronical implantation. The measuring tip (length 1 mm, diameter 0.1 mm) is covered with a homogenous membrane of cellulose acetate. The electrode currents are measured by a four-channel amplifier of proper design; the device permits accurate and stable polarisation, identical for each channel. Moreover, a calibration device has been constructed. It consists of a Buchner funnel filled with Ringer solution and mounted in a temperature-controlled bath. In order to create a specific partial pressure of oxygen in the calibration chamber, predetermined gasmixtures are bubbled through the solution using computer controlled mass flow regulators. The calibration device thus pennits the determination of primary and secondary electrode parameters, i.e. linearity, oxygen sensitivity and residual current, and polarisation dependency, temperature dependency, sensitivity to CO2, electrode stability, dynamic behaviour and oxygen consumption.
Three groups, each of them containing ten electrodes, have been tested with regard to electrode parameters : the first group contains bare electrodes, the second and the third group contain membrane covered electrodes, with a membrane thickness of 10 and 20 µm respectively. In order to evaluate acute and long-term effects of implantation on the brain cortical tissue and on the sensors’ measuring qualities, electrodes have been implanted for different time periods (51 days, 30 days, 9 days, 5 min). pO2 was recorded regularly and polarograms have been registered. The effects on cortical tissue have been studied with the aid of light microscopy.
KeywordsRinger Solution Membrane Thickness Stabilisation Time Residual Current Frit Glass
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