Physical Characterization of Microbubble Based Ultrasound Contrast Agents

  • H.-J. Schmidt
  • R. M. Schmitt
  • A. Irion
  • B. Bresser
Part of the Acoustical Imaging book series (ACIM, volume 19)

Abstract

During the past few years the application of microbubbles in the lower micron range as ultrasonic contrast agent has become more and more interesting. This is due to the fact that microbubble based contrast agents became commercially available and that progress was made concerning some of the main problems for the use of microbubbles as contrast agents, for example bubble size and bubble lifetime.

Keywords

Attenuation Acoustics 

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Literature

  1. 1.
    V.L. Newhouse, P.M. Shankar: “Bubble size measurements using the nonlinear mixing of two frequencies”, JASA 5: 75 (1984)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    K.W. Commander, A. Prosperetti: “Linear pressure waves in bubbly liquids: Comparison between theory and experiments”, JASA 2: 85 (1989)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. Lauterborn: “Numerical investigations of nonlinear oscillations of gas bubbles in liquids”,JASA 2: 592 (1976)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • H.-J. Schmidt
    • 1
  • R. M. Schmitt
    • 1
  • A. Irion
    • 2
  • B. Bresser
    • 1
  1. 1.Fraunhofer Institute for Nondestructive TestingGermany
  2. 2.Byk Gulden PharmaceuticalsKonstanzGermany

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