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Electromagnetic Compatibility Characterization of a BAe Stirling-Cycle Cryocooler for Space Application

  • Dean L. Johnson
  • Ronald G. RossJr.
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 37)

Abstract

The intended use of Stirling-cycle cryocoolers to cool infrared and submilli-meter imaging instruments on 5- to 10-year missions brings with it major challenges to cryocooler development. In particular, the voice-coil driven cryocoolers need to be electromagnetically compatible with the host instrument’s detectors as well as with neighboring instruments; specifically the cryocoolers must not generate levels of interference that degrade performance or cause malfunction of the cooled imaging detectors, payload instruments, or host spacecraft.

To support the design and successful operation of NASA space instruments, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) has an ongoing extensive cryocooler characterization, test and analysis program to identify cryocoolers capable of meeting the stringent requirements. The characterization activity focuses on sensitive performance measuring techniques for quantification of thermal performance, vibration, electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), and life-limiting reliability degradation mechanisms. This paper describes the EMC measurements of a British Aerospace (BAe) 80-K Stirling-cycle cooler. The measurements, performed in the JPL EMC test facility, include DC magnetic field characterization, radiated magnetic and electric field emissions, and conducted emissions on the internal lines between the cooler electronics and the cooler. The measurements conform to both the MIL-STD-461C specifications as well as to the specifications for the NASA Earth Observing System (Eos).

Keywords

Electromagnetic Compatibility Cryogenic Engineer Magnetic Field Level Payload Instrument Bulkhead Plate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    R. G. Ross, Jr., D. L. Johnson and R. S. Sugimura, “Characterization of Miniature Stirling-cycle Cryocoolers for Space Aapplication”, Proceedings of the 6th Intl. Cryocooler Conf., Plymouth. MA DTRC-91/002, David Taylor Research Center (1991), pp. 27-38.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. G. Ross, Jr., D.L. Johnson, and V. Kotsubo, “Vibration Characterization and Control of Miniature Stirling-cycle Cryocoolers for Space Application”, presented at the 1991 Cryogenic Engineering Conference, Huntsville, AL, June 11–14, 1991.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    V. Kotsubo, R.G. Ross, Jr. and D.L. Johnson, “Thermal Performance Characterization of Miniature Stirling-cycle Cryocoolers for Space Application”, presented at the 1991 Cryogenic Engineering Conference, Huntsville, AL, June 11–14, 1991.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Electromagnetic Emission and Susceptibility Requirements for the Control of Electromagnetic Interference, MIL-STT)-461C, Department of Defense, Washington, DC (1986).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    General Instrument Interface Specification for the Eos Observatory, (UID101) CAGE No. 49671, GE Aerospace, Princeton, New Jersey, October 12, 1990.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. R. J. White and M. Mardiguian, EMI Control Methodology and Procedures. 4th Ed., Interference Control Technologies, Don White Consultants Inc., Gainsville, Virginia (1985), pp. 6.6-6.12.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dean L. Johnson
    • 1
  • Ronald G. RossJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA

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