Nuclei Far from Stability and the R-Process Waiting-Point Concept

  • K.-L. Kratz
  • H. Gabelmann
  • P. Möller
  • B. Pfeiffer
  • H. L. Ravn
  • A. Wöhr
  • F.-K. Thielemann
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 289)

Abstract

The nucleosynthesis process by rapid neutron captures (the r-process) is responsible for the formation of about half of the nuclear species in nature beyond Fe. While the astrophysical site for the r-process is not yet unambiguously identified, its association with the cores of low-mass stars undergoing type II supernova (SN) events is strongly suggested (see, e.g., Refs.1,2).

Keywords

Burning Entropy Explosive Librium Colgate 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    G.J. Mathews and J.J. Cowan, Nature 345:491 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.J. Cowan and F.-K. Thielemann, Phys. Rep. (1991), in print.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Staudt, E. Bender, K. Muto and H.V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 44:79 (1990).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. Möller and K.-L. Kratz, ”Table of QRPA-Predictions of T1/2 and Pn-values” (1991), unpublished.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    K.-L. Kratz, H. Gabelmann, W. Hillebrandt, B. Pfeiffer, K. Schlösser, F.-K. Thielemann and the ISOLDE Collaboration, Z. Physik A325:483 (1986).ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. Ekström B. Fogelberg, P. Hoff, E. Lund and A. Sangariyavanish, Phys. Scr. 34:614 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R.L. Gill, R.F. Casten, D.D. Warner, A. Piotrowski, H. Mach, J.C. Hill, F.K. Wohn, J.A. Winger and R. Moreh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56:1874 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    F. Käppeler, H. Beer and K. Wisshak, Rep. Prog. Phys. 52:945 (1989).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    K.-L. Kratz, Revs. Mod. Astron. 1:184 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    K.-L. Kratz, H. Gabelmann, P. Möller, B. Pfeiffer, A. Wöhr and the ISOLDE Collaboration, Verhandl. DPG (VI) 26:438 (1991); and subm. to Z. Physik A. Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    K.-L. Kratz, V. Harms, A. Wöhr and P. Möller, Phys. Rev. C38:278 (1988).ADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A.G.W. Cameron, J.J. Cowan and J.W. Truran, Ap. Space Sci. 91:235 (1983).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    C.L. Harper, L.E. Nyquist, C.Y. Shih and W. Wiesmann, in: ”Nuclei in the Cosmos”, H. Oberhummer and W. Hillebrandt, eds., MPA/P4 138 (1990).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    F.-K. Thielemann, K.-L. Kratz, B. Pfeiffer, P. Möller and W. Hillebrandt, ibid. 286 (1990).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A.G.W. Cameron, in: ”Cosmic Abundances in Matter”, C.J. Waddington, ed., AIP Conf. Proc. 183:349 (1989).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    H.A. Bethe, Revs. Mod. Phys. 62:801 (1990).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J.R. Wilson and R.W. Mayle, Phys. Rep. 163:63 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    F.K. Thielemann, M. Arnould and W. Hillebrandt, Astron. Astrophys. 74:175 (1981).ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    J.B. Blake, S.E. Woosley, T.A. Weaver and D.N. Schramm, Ap. J. 248:315 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J.J. Cowan, A.G.W. Cameron and J. W. Truran, Ap. J. 265:429 (1983).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    R.I. Epstein, S.A. Colgate and W.C. Haxton, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61:2038 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S.E. Woosley, D.H. Hoffman and W.C. Haxton, Ap. J. 356:272 (1990).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    S.E. Woosley, D.H. Hoffman and W.C. Haxton, submitted to Ap. J. (1991).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • K.-L. Kratz
    • 1
  • H. Gabelmann
    • 1
  • P. Möller
    • 1
    • 2
  • B. Pfeiffer
    • 1
  • H. L. Ravn
    • 3
  • A. Wöhr
    • 1
  • F.-K. Thielemann
    • 4
  1. 1.Institut für KernchemieUniversität MainzMainzGermany
  2. 2.Lund Institute of TechnologyLundSweden
  3. 3.CERNGenevaSwitzerland
  4. 4.Harvard-Smithsonian Center for AstrophysicsCambridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations